The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 4
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Search for a suitable test area turned up the fact that the line of
the Trinity River-counting Dallas, Denton, and Cooke counties
as west of the river-divided the 1850 population of Texas into
halves. Of the halves, the thirty-two counties east of the Trinity,
herein designated East Texas, offered the simpler testing ground,
since they were geographically the more compact, and contained
only 1.1 per cent foreign-born as against 22 per cent foreign-born
west of the Trinity.3 Nine counties, holding one-fourth of the
East Texas population, were selected as typical, and the returns
from them of Schedule 1, Free Inhabitants, Census of 185o, were
scanned, family by family, for every detectable migration. The
results appeared promising enough to warrant enlarging the 1850
sample and extending work to the Census of 186o. Hence the
search was pushed through the 185o returns of eight more coun-
ties, making seventeen in all, and then through the 186o returns
of the same counties." The seventeen counties of 1850 contained
one-half of the population of East Texas, and one-fourth of the
population of the state. In 186o the counties, increased to nine-
teen by creation of Marion and Chambers, could still claim one-
half of the population east of the Trinity, but they no longer
accounted for a full one-fourth of the population of Texas. Table
1 lists the nineteen counties in regional groups and gives popu-
lation data permitting comparison between counties, groups of
counties, and portions of the state.
.The per cents have been calculated from the numbers of foreign-born by
counties in J. D. B. DeBow, Compendium of the Seventh Census, 3o8-3o9, 314-315.
"From the 1850 returns of the nine counties first selected-namely, Angelina,
Bowie, Cherokee, Grayson, Henderson, Kaufman, Panola, Polk, and Smith-each
migrant family went down on a form card designed to receive most of the census
data about the family. The best speed attained with this kind of note was thirty
to forty families recorded per hour. Upon expansion of the project, copious
notation had to be sacrificed to greater speed. For the eight added counties-
namely, Cass, Hopkins, Jasper, Lamar, Liberty, Nacogdoches, Sabine, and Upshur-
and for all of the 186o returns, the only items noted for each family were the
census number and place and date of removal. One hundred such notations could
be placed in prepared spaces upon a single card. The change in form tripled
speed, and the abbreviated notes are adequate to answer the central question of
the sources and rates of migration. But analyses depending upon birthplace, age,
or other characteristics of the migrant individual or family require full notes.
Hence the figures and tables in this article are not uniformly based. The principal
ones incorporate results for one-half of East Texas, 185o and 186o, but Tables 5-8
and 13-14, and Figures 6-7 have a much smaller foundation, resting upon data
for nine counties, or one-fourth of East Texas, in 1850 only.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/10/: accessed January 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.