The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 8
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
before. Their first child dies in infancy. The couple moves from
Crawford to Troup County, and then crosses the line into Talla-
poosa County, Alabama, where a son is born in 1843. Two years
later the family leaves Tallapoosa for northern Mississippi, set-
tling in Panola County, where two children, the younger born
in 1849, are added. In 1851 the father leads his wife and offspring
to Ouachita Parish, Louisiana; they linger there for two crops
and then go on to Cass County, Texas, arriving just ahead of the
birth of a fourth child in 1853. The next year the family tries a
farm in another part of Cass and in 1855 pushes out to Smith
County, where the children increase to six. Four years later the
father sees that his rainbow comes to earth in Henderson County.
Explanation of Table 2. Numbers of families, 1850, are from J. D. B. DeBow,
Superintendent of the United States Census, either Seventh Census of the United
States, 505-506, or Compendium of the Seventh Census, 314-315; numbers of
families, 186o, are from Eighth Census, 186o, vol. [IV], Statistics of the United
States (including mortality, property, &c.,) in x86o .. (Washington, 1866), 348-349-
Grayson County may serve to illustrate the means of calculating indicated
immigration. The white population was 1,822 in 185o. Assuming 22.88 per cent
to be the decennial rate of natural increase, the 1850 white population plus its
natural increase came to 2,239 in 186o. But the actual white population in 186o
was 6,892. The county had gained, in immigrants and their natural increase, an
indicated total of 4,653 persons. If the volume of immigration was steady, then
immigrants arriving between 1850 and 186o had been in the county an average
of five years in 186o, and their natural increase would be one-half the decennial
increase, or 11.44 per cent. In an equation, with x as the indicated number of
immigrants, x plus .1144x equals the excess of the 186o white population over
the 1850 white population plus its natural increase. For Grayson this excess was
4.653; hence the indicated immigration was 4,653 divided by 1.1144, or 4,175
To reduce indicated immigration of persons to indicated immigration of families,
the numbers of persons have been divided by the average sizes of census families,
which were in 186o as follows: for the nineteen counties, 5.6819 persons; for the
other counties east "of the Trinity, 5.8571 persons; for all counties east of the
Trinity, 5.7691 persons; for all counties west of the Trinity, 5.3074 persons; for
the whole of Texas, 5.4916 persons. The total indicated immigration of families
into the state, as shown in the table, is a combination of the east of Trinity and
the west of Trinity figures, and exceeds by 219 the number obtained if the average
size of a census family in the state be divided into the indicated immigration of
persons into the state.
The decennial rate of natural increase employed above is the rate of increase
of the white population of the United States, 1850 to 186o, corrected for foreign
immigration and the natural increase of immigrants.
For other methods of calculating indicated immigration, see C. Warren Thorn-
thwaite, Internal Migration in the United States (Study of Population Redistribu-
tion, Bulletin No. I; Philadelphia, 1934), 5-8, 19-21. Thornthwaite's work is con-
densed as Appendix A in Carter Goodrich and associates, Migration and Economic
Opportunity; the discussion of methods is at pp. 676-678, 683-685.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/14/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.