The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 148
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
was in danger of being invited to leave the neighborhood or
suffer the consequences.
Its economic importance is reflected in the losses traceable to
its initial inception in non-immune northern herds. No exact
data are available from which one can deduce with accuracy the
cost. The problem had many angles. Kansas and Missouri rene-
gades took advantage of the outbreaks to intimidate a few luck-
less Texans and steal their herds. Other drovers not subject to
intimidation lost both their herds and their lives.2
As late as 1885 herds being driven from Texas to Colorado over
a route known as the Dallas Trail were forcibly detained in the
Cherokee Strip by two men who represented themselves as ranch-
ers in the region. A representative of the Federal Bureau of
Animal Industry denounced them to the secretary of agriculture
and accused them of detaining the Sutton, Crockett, and Briscoe
county cattle in order to force their owners to sell at what he
termed "steal prices."
The fact that Texas fever influenced the price of cattle is in
evidence in all the sources. Uneasiness of the trade over a pos-
sible outbreak in the summer of 1885 caused a break of five
dollars per head on Texas cattle in two days in all the large
A major epidemic in Illinois and Indiana 'in 1868 closed the
market entirely to Texas cattle, "since it was sufficient to put a
stop to the eastern demand and consequent shipment of Texas
cattle from all points to the East or anywhere into the North-
Dr. John R. Mohler, veterinary surgeon and chief of the Path-
ological Division of the Bureau of Animal Industry, in 19o6
estimated the cost of Texas fever on an annual basis. Six different
aspects of the possible cost entered into his considerations. He
pointed out that shipments of cattle from below the Federal
quarantine line went to market in cars labeled "Southern Cattle."
Such cattle sold for two cents less per pound than other cattle.
2Joseph C. McCoy, Historic Sketches of the Cattle Trade of the West and South-
west (Kansas City, 1874), 95.
aBureau of Animal Industry, Second Annual Report (Washington, 1886), 319-320o.
$McCoy, Historic Sketches of the Cattle Trade, 218.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/156/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.