The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 228
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
company Oct. -- 1850; 1st Lt. W. L. Elliott,42 Regimental Quarter-
master; and Bvt. ,d Lt. J. N. Bonaparte,43 on duty with Company D
at Fort Inge, since March 13, 1853.
I inspected the company, R. Rifle Regt. mounted and on foot,
and caused a few simple manoeuvres to be performed, which were
executed with tolerable precision. The arms were in serviceable con-
dition, and the clothing, with few exceptions, in good order. The
horse equipments, particularly saddles, were much worn. The Com-
pany is armed with rifles, Colt's Revolvers, partially (40 being
allowed), and with hunting knives-it and company E being the
only companies of the regiment furnished with these knives. They
are a formidable and useful weapon, and I think it would be well
to issue them to the other companies, and to give every man a
revolver. The troop horses are herded a few miles below the camp
where there is fine grazing, and they were, generally, in good con-
dition for field service. Forage and Subsistence are sent down from
Ringgold Barracks, and supplies only for immediate wants are kept
The troops were without a medical officer or Hospital Steward,
and no physician resided in the vicinity. There were a few medicines
with the command, which were in charge of a private soldier, a man
of some intelligence, but possessing, I apprehended, little knowledge
of the pharmacopoeia.
Shortly after inspection the company was paid off, and drunkenness
and disorder soon followed. It was impossible for the young officer
in command, surrounded by grog shops and with no one to second
his efforts, to prevent such irregularities. Indeed, sent to an isolated
station and deprived of all companionship with his equals, his situa-
tion for some time past has been anything but enviable. The company
is suffering greatly for the want of its officers, and I may here remark
that I found this to be the case at every post of the Rifle regiment
in the 8th Department; of the Eight Captains belonging to the com-
42Washington Lafayette Elliott graduated from the Military Academy in 1844.
He became brigadier general of Volunteers on June 11, 1862, was breveted lieu-
tenant colonel on April 7, 1862, and colonel on May 3o, 1862, for raids on the
Mississippi railroad and the'siege of Corinth. He was breveted brigadier and major
general on March 13, 1865, for service at Nashville. Ibid., 402.
43Brevet Second Lieutenant Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte was the grandson of
Jerome Bonaparte, youngest brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, and Betsy Patterson,
a Baltimore beauty. He graduated from the Military Academy in 1852 and served
the next two years on the frontier in Texas. In 1854 he resigned from the United
States Army; later he went to France and served with the French Army in Africa
and the Crimea. The last years of his life he spent in the United States, where
he died in 1893. Ibid., 229; Clarence Edward Macartney and Gordon Dorrance,
The Bonapartes in America (Philadelphia, c. 1939), 48-51; William D. Hoyt, Jr.,
"Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, Jr., at West Point, 1850," New York History, XXVI
(April, 1945), 2o8-217.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/236/: accessed April 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.