The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 229
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Notes and Documents
panies serving in Texas, only two (Simonson and Duncan) were
at the heads of their companies. With such a state of things that a
high degree of discipline or instruction should be attained, is not
to be expected. Under no circumstances should a Company be left
with less than two officers, and the Captain should never be detached.
His absences should be limited to occasional indulgencies for pur-
poses of recreation.
I resumed my journey in the afternoon of July ilth, and reached
the next post, Ringgold Barracks, July 13th. The character of the
road was very much like that the other side of Edinburg, except that
the latter part of it was more hilly and sandy. Water was obtained
only from the river. The general direction followed was about W. N.
W., and the distance'52 miles. An occasional ranche was passed on
IX.-RINGGOLD BARRACKS44- (Inspected July 14, 1853.)
This post (see accompanying sketch D) stands on a high bank of
the Rio Grande, above all inundations, and will be an important
point as long as that river is the boundary between the United
States and Mexico. It lies in latitude 26 23' 17" North, longitude
99 2' 40" West from Greenwich. The nearest Mexican towns are
Reynosa, 50 miles below it, and Camargo, 5 miles, Mier, 25, and
Guerrero, 65 miles above. Within half a mile is the town called "Rio
Grande City," a place of some notoriety in the late frontier dis-
turbances. Its stationary population is about 300 souls. The ground
used for military purposes does not belong to the Government, but
should be purchased while it can be obtained at a moderate price.
A mail is received at Rio Grande City once in two weeks, from New
Orleans, via Corpus Christi, and there is also a weekly mail com-
munication with Brownsville and Laredo. In addition, a special
express is sent to the post monthly from San Antonio.
Bvt. Major G. R. Paul,45 Capt. 7th Infantry, has been in command
of Ringgold Barracks since June 29, 1852. The garrison consists of
Company B, Mounted Riflemen (under orders for Fort Ewell,) and
44Ringgold Barracks, located on the Rio Grande in Starr County, was established
in 1848 by Zachary Taylor as a border post. Named for Major David Ringgold,
who was killed in the battle of Palo Alto, the camp, which was temporarily aban-
doned several times, was the station, on various occasions, of Robert E. Lee, U. S.
Grant, Jefferson Davis, and John J. Pershing. Texas Almanac, z941 (1940). In 1944
the post was inactivated. Texas Almanac, 1945 (1945)
'4Gabriel Rend Paul graduated from the Military Academy in 1834, and became
a brigadier general in the Volunteers September 5, 1862. He was breveted major
September 13, 1847, for gallantry at Chapultepec, and brigadier general February
23, 1865, for gallantry at Gettysburg. He died May 5, 1886. Heitman, Historical
Register of the United States Army, I, 776.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/238/: accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.