The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 302
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Chicago, St. Louis, and in Canada over a period of about two
years, Flores Mag6n and a few of his closest friends began active
planning to bring their ideas of a successful revolution to
fruition.1 While he had been moving about the United States,
he had worked out the details of a program for guidance of his
party, and on July 1, 19o6, the "Programa del Partido Liberal"
first saw the light of day in St. Louis. The program, politico-
socio-economic in nature, envisaged a truly democratic form of
government in Mexico, with a great advancement in the material
and moral welfare of the nation. Although a remarkably com-
prehensive document showing a considerable insight into the
ills of the country and the needs for remedying those ills, the
program not only showed an ignorance of the political conditions
in his country but also foreshadowed the extremely idealist
thinking which later characterized the party leader.2
In the meantime, the party had been organized, with agents
spreading to various parts of Mexico and the southern areas of
the United States to propagandize and to attract adherents. No
definite date had yet been set for the outbreak of the revolution,
but it was confidently hoped that by the end of the year 1906
everything would be in order and a simultaneous movement,
from the United States and from various points within the coun-
try, would be of sufficient strength to topple the supposedly
decadent dictatorship.3 In September, Flores Mag6n and his im-
mediate advisors arrived in the environs of El Paso, where they
hoped to establish revolutionary headquarters and to begin the
armed movement within a short time. Shortly before the revo-
lution was to begin, however, he received a warning that the
Diaz government had information concerning the plans and was
preparing to counteract any display of force.4 The Liberal party
leader warned the various segments of the group that the time
had not yet arrived to take up arms, and he himself went into
hiding in the Texas city. Not heeding the warnings of the chief,
1Ricardo Flores Mag6n to Harry Weinberger, May 9, 1921; in Valadds Collection.
This collection is in the hands of Jos6 C. Valad6s in Mexico City and is the product
of many years of research. Mr. Valad6s kindly allowed me the use of his collection.
2See "Programa del Partido Liberal" and the accompanying manifesto, in Fran-
cisco Naranjo, Diccionario Biogrdfico Revolucionario (Mexico, D.F., 1935), 249-263.
3R. Flores Mag6n to Praxedis G. Guerrero, July 14, 19o6, Valad6s Collection.
4R. Flores Mag6n to Harry Weinberger, May 9, 1921, Valad6s Collection.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/311/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.