The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 380
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
many in 1842, was formed by a number of German noblemen
who met at Mainz.3 No progress in fulfilling plans made at that
time was attained until 1844, when tracts of land were bought
in the unsettled regions of Texas, and German immigration be-
gan in seriousness. Prince Solms-Braunfels, the founder of New
Braunfels, was the first commissioner-general, and it was through
his foresight that settlements farther west were planned. In
August, 1845, Baron J. O. von Meusebach left New Braunfels to
find a suitable place for the establishment of other towns within
the Fisher and Miller grant, which was in the region of the
Colorado River between the Llano and San Saba rivers.4 Under
his leadership on May 8, 1846, the first families reached Fred-
ericksburg, or where it was to be, after a sixteen-day trip that
had been full of adventure, sadness, spirit, and fun.5
Farther north of Fredericksburg at the main Comanche village
on the San Saba River a treaty was made with the Indians by
Baron von Meusebach, who succeeded Prince Solms-Braunfels as
commissioner-general of the German Immigration Company. On
March 2, 1847, Meusebach met twenty chiefs in council and
concluded a treaty of peace with them which helped assure the
safety of the colonists, permitted undisturbed surveying of land
grants, and opened up trade between the settlers and the Indians.8
The Indians were to be citizens, loyal and true, giving and taking,
but in many cases the loyalty waned and there was too much
The Fisher and Miller Colony located more than three thou-
sand German families in spite of deaths, hardships, and land
difficulties.7 It has been noted that under one colonization con-
tract a single man was allowed 16o acres and a married man 320
acres.8 In the Fisher and Miller grants in Mason County, records
and abstracts show that the amount of land granted a single man
8Selma M. Raunick and Margaret Schade, The Kothmanns of Texas (Austin,
4R. L. Biesele, History of the German Settlements in Texas, 1831-1861 (Austin,
aS. O. Loving, "History of the Fisher and Miller Land Grant, 1842-1860" (M.A.
Thesis, University of Texas, 1934), 1-37.
ORaunick and Schade, The Kothmanns of Texas, 11. Also Moritz Tiling, History
of the German Elements in Texas from 182o-185o (Houston, 1913), 99.
Frontier Times, November, 1928, p. 77.
sRaunick and Schade, The Kothmanns of Texas, 12.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/389/: accessed May 27, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.