The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 33
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The First Treaty of the Republic of Texas
among these Indians by virtue of "locations" which had been
made within the bounds of their claims, Archer said that he
deemed it expedient to make some equitable arrangement which
would be satisfactory to them. Reference undoubtedly was made
to the Cherokees and twelve associate bands: the Alabamas, Bo-
luxies, Caddos (of the Neches), Choctaws, Cochatties, Dela-
wares, Iawanies, Kickapoos, Quapaws, Shawnees, Tahoocattakes,
and Unataquous; fox a select committee was appointed to con-
sider the relations with those tribes. Speaking as a member of
and for that committee, Houston, on November 11, made a report
recommending a special declaration to be signed by the members
of the Consultation." This was accomplished.
The Declaration of the Consultation, dated November 13,
1835, carried the signatures of fifty-four members of that body
as a "pledge of the public faith, on the part of the people of
Texas." Thereby they asserted, in substance, that just as the
Texans through grant and occupancy had gained rights to their
own soil, the Cherokees and their twelve associate tribes had
derived from the government of Mexico equitable claims to lands
lying "north of the San Antonio Road and the Neches, and west
of the Angeline and Sabine Rivers." The document ordered the
cancellation of all grants, locations, and surveys which had been
made in that area after the settlement of the Indians there; for,
as stated, having been set up on lands already appropriated by
Mexico, they were utterly null and void. As just owners of the
soil the Indians were entitled to the protection of the govern-
ment and the peaceable enjoyment of their rights to the land in
question. It was decreed further that immediately upon its organ-
ization the Provisional Government should arrange to treat with
these Indians in order to establish the definite boundaries of
their territory, and thus to win their confidence. Finally, the
whole Declaration fairly breathed the hope that these Indians
would remain on friendly terms, in both peace and war.3 This
was but natural, for indeed the Texans faced perilous times im-
2H. P. N. Gammel (compiler), The Laws of Texas: 1822-1898 (o10 vols., Austin,
1898), I, 510-512, 532.
sJournals of the Consultation, November 13, 1835, MSS., Archives, Texas State
Library. The Declaration is printed in Gammel, Laws of Texas, I, 546-547.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/39/: accessed March 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.