The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 35
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The First Treaty of the Republic of Texas
tive cooperation of the Indians should all the forces of Texas be
called into the field. Here a full-dress armed conflict against
Mexico, of course, was implied, if not specifically designated.7
In his instructions Governor Smith added nothing new except
an order that as soon as practicable the commissioners should
report their proceedings to the Governor and Council "for rati-
Predicated upon the basis of a firm and lasting peace between
the parties concerned, the treaty, signed on February 23, 1836,
specified that such members of the Cherokee tribe of Indians and
their associate bands as then resided in Texas should form one
community; and, excepting such grants and settlements made in
good faith prior to the migration of the Cherokees of Texas, and
continuously held, it set aside for the exclusive occupancy and
possession of these various bands the area encompassed within
the following boundaries:
laying West of San Antonio road, and beginning on the West, at the
point where the said road crosses the River Angeline, and running
up said river, until it reaches the mouth of the first large creek (below
the Great Shawnee village) emptying into the said River from the
northeast thence running with said creek to its main source, and from
thence a due north line to the Sabine River, and with said river west
-then starting where the San Antonio road crosses the Angeline river,
and with the said road to the point where it crosses the Neches river
and thence running up the east side of said river, in a northwest
All of the Indians were to move to this reservation by Novem-
ber of 1836, releasing to the government of Texas full ownership
of the lands which they should vacate outside the prescribed
limits, along with any improvements made thereon. They agreed,
-furthermore, that under no circumstances would they lease, sell,
or otherwise alienate any of their new land except to the gov-
ernment of Texas.
It was stipulated that within the bounds designated the Indians
should be governed by their own regulations, not contrary to
7lIbid., I, 698.
8Smith to John Forbes, Sam Houston, and John Cameron, December 3o, 1835,
included in W. C. Binkley (ed.), Official Correspondence of the Texan Revolution
(New York and London, 1936), 258-259
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/41/: accessed April 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.