The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 38
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
colony was filled or nearly so prior to this Declaration. Many of the
titles being completed and others commenced and now in progress.
Your committee are satisfied that the grant of this territory to David
G. Burnet Esq for the purpose of colonization and that many years
after the settlement of those Indians on the soil, should be taken as
conclusive evidence that no obligation was created by grant promise
or otherwise which that nation [Mexico] considered binding in favor
of either of the Cherokees or this community of "Associate Bands"
to be represented by the "Head Chiefs," "Elder Brothers," etc of the
Your committee reflecting that the people of Texas were at the time
of this Declaration acknowledged citizens of Mexico are utterly at a
loss to conceive on what principles of legislation the act was passed,
or rather they are of the opinion that said act was an unwarranted
assumption of authority which was in no way obligatory on the
Mexican Gov [ernmen] t at that time nor on this Gov [ernmen] t now.
In other words, as stated, the premises upon which the Declara-
tion was based were false; and, therefore, the conclusions (in
this case, stated rights) were void. Furthermore, the committee
had no proof that any such community as "Associate Bands"
existed. It held also that at least some of the tribes mentioned in
the treaty had been savage and ruthless enemies, even as early
as February, 1836. Finally, the report recommended that the
Senate disapprove and "refuse to ratify" the treaty or any part
This report on the Cherokee treaty must have aroused con-
siderable debate, but the Secret Journals of the Senate give little
clue as to that; and nothing, of course, on what may have been
said. President Houston later was reported as stating that con-
siderable abuse was heaped upon his head by some who, once
the dangers of the revolution had passed, were inclined to dis-
regard a sacred pledge made in time of peril and to make a
"Poland of the little patrimony of the Indians" by parcelling it
out among the "crowned heads of which they bore a conspicuous
place." Present in the lobby at the time, he said, were Colonel
Bowl and several of his leaders who understood the English lan-
guage. The discussions, Houston felt, were enough "to drive them
mad," and cause them to return home for the purpose of pre-
14Winkler, Secret Journals of the Senate, 74-79.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/44/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.