The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 42
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
conviction which he expressed on several subsequent occasions.20
Even though they had not actually allied themselves with the
Texans in their revolution against Mexico, Houston said, these
redskins had remained neutral. Since they had carried out their
part of the agreement, according to the executive, failure on the
part of the Republic to abide by the treaty, once the dangers of
the revolution were over, would amount to a wanton breach of
faith.21 Threatened attempts at invasion by Mexico and potential
Indian uprisings, moreover, remained as constant threats to the
Texans. During the summer of 1838, for instance, due to a com-
bination of circumstances, such as the failure of the Senate to
approve the treaty, the activities of land surveyors within the
area, and the connivance of Mexican agents, there was consid-
erable unrest among the Cherokees and their associate bands,
although it is not certain that these Indians were positively iden-
tified with the so-called Cordova rebellion which followed. The
whole series of disturbances, however, came to a momentary
climax when the combined Mexican and Indian forces were
defeated in battle on October 16.
Houston meanwhile thought that the answer to the problem
lay primarily in conciliation, which in this instance meant the
fulfillment of the treaty with the Cherokees and, more imme-
diately, surveying the boundary line designated therein. On Sep-
tember 3o, he wrote that this would tranquillize the Indians and
make them peaceful.22 A few days later he said that this would
do more for the protection of eastern Texas than ten thousand
men in the field. If the Indians were not pacified, he added, there
might follow an Indian war which would cost "more blood and
treasure than ought to purchase twenty such Indian countries."
20See Houston to the Texas Senate, May 21, 1838, in ibid., II, 55-60; Houston
to the Texas Congress, November 19, 1838, in Journal of the House of Representa-
tives of the Republic of Texas, 3rd Cong., Regular Sess., November 24,
1838, 87-92, and Williams and Barker, Writings of Sam Houston, II, 299-304; report
of a speech made in the House of Representatives on December 2, 1839, in
Smither, Journals of the Fourth Congress of the Republic of Texas, II, 110-112,
and Williams and Barker, Writings of Sam Houston, II, 3i9-32o; and report of a
speech (on the Cherokee Land Bill, as previously cited) -in the House of Repre-
sentatives, in Smither, Journals of the Fourth Congress of the Republic of Texas,
II, 205-207, and Williams and Barker, Writings of Sam Houston, II, 329-337.
21Houston to the Texas Senate, May 21, 1838, in Williams and Barker, Writings
of Sam Houston, IV, 55-60.
22Houston to Charles Sims, Indian Agent, September 30, 1838, in ibid., II, 284-285.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/48/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.