The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 45
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The First Treaty of the Republic of Texas
could in no wise be considered as binding upon the government
of Texas. If it had been ratified, moreover (and here, broadly
speaking, the President weakened his argument somewhat), the
government would have been absolved from its obligations by
the habitual violations of certain principal stipulations on the
part of the Indians.32
President Lamar did not plan immediately any drastic action
against the Cherokees. On the other hand, in February of 1839,
at a time when he said their claims and even their rights of
occupancy to lands in Texas were the subjects of grave delibera-
tion on the part of the government, the executive appointed
Martin Lacy as an agent to the eastern tribes with instructions to
cultivate and preserve friendly relations with the Cherokees and
their allied bands and to try to prevent them from joining the
more hostile groups then creating disturbances on the western
frontier."* Matters, however, were fast approaching a climax.
During the spring of 1839 it appeared definitely that a portion
of the Cherokees, along with other of their associate groups, had
agreed to wage war on the Texans in connection with what was
expected to have been another Cordova outbreak.34 Certainly
the additude of the Cherokees was altogether unfriendly, for in
May the Bowl ordered out of the territory B. C. Waters, whom
Lamar had sent there for the purpose of constructing a military
station on the Grand Saline. This action brought from the Pres-
ident a stern warning to the Cherokee chieftain in a letter which
also stated in no unmistakable terms his administration's attitude
towards the treaty and an announcement that the government
planned to remove the Cherokees from within the borders of
Texas. Lamar wrote that in forcing Waters to withdraw the Bowl
assumed to be acting, apparently, in accordance with the terms
32For the complete message, see Journal of the House of Representatives, 3rd
Cong., 1st Sess., December 21, 1838, 167-195.
:=3See [A. S.] Johnston to Martin Lacy, Esq., February 14, 1839, included in
the annual Report of the Secretary, November, 1839, printed in Smither, Journals
of the Fourth Congress of the Republic of Texas, III, 1o-lo3.
:4ohnston to Colonel Bowl, April 1o, 1839, included in Charles A. Gulick, Jr.,
Katherine Elliot, and IHarriet Smither (eds.), The Papers of Mirabeau Buonaparte
Lamar (6 vols., Austin, 1920-1927), II, 522-523. This work will be cited hereafter
as the Lamar Papers. For the above statement also, cf. Christian, Lamar, 94.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/51/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.