The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949 Page: 46
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
of the document signed on February 23, 1836; and, continuing,
No doubt there are those who would lead you to believe, that by
virtue of that Treaty, you have a right to maintain within the limits
of this Republic, an independent Government, bearing no responsi-
bility to us, as though we were a foreign nation. Be not deceived by
The Treaty alluded to, was a nullity when made-is inoperative
now; - has never been sanctioned by this Government, and never
will be. It is, therefore, vain for you to build any hopes upon it.
The President then proceeded to make specific charges of viola-
tions of the spirit of the treaty by the Indians, particularly the
Cherokees. Not only had they committed acts of murder and
robbery among the whites, but they also had allied themselves
with other Indians and Mexicans against the peace and safety of
the Texans. In this connection reference was made, among other
things, to their actions in corresponding with and receiving
emissaries, permitting the use of their village as a meeting point
in planning operations, entering into belligerent compacts, and
sanctioning a raid which had originated in their own vicinity.
Nor was the government ignorant, the letter specified, that a
secret understanding had existed "between you and the traitor
Cordova." The Cherokees were being permitted presently to
remain where they were, Lamar stated, only because his govern-
ment was awaiting an opportunity to remove them without the
necessity of bloodshed. Whether their removal would be accom-
plished ultimately by violence or by friendly negotiation would
depend upon the Indians themselves.'
Events developed rapidly. Possessed of further evidence that
the Cherokees had been in connivance with the Mexicans to
operate against Texas, President Lamar was unwilling to brook
further delay.16 To the Indians he sent as special commissioners
Vice-President David G. Burnet and Secretary of War A. S. John-
soLamar to Bowles, Principal chief of the Cherokees and other Headmen of
that tribe, May 26, 1839, in Lamar Papers, II, 590-594. A few days later Lamar
announced to the Shawnees, to be remembered as one of the associate bands
designated in the treaty, that the Cherokees would have to go. Lamar to Linnee,
and other chiefs and Headmen of the Shawnees, June 3, 1839, in ibid., III, 11-12.
36This was indicated in his annual message to Congress, November 12, 1839, which
is printed in the Lamar Papers, III, 159-183.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 52, July 1948 - April, 1949, periodical, 1949; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101121/m1/52/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.