The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950 Page: 9
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Concerning the Texas-Louisiana Sabine Boundary
boundary of Louisiana theoretically remained entirely separated
from the international line (which after 1845 became the eastern
limits of the state of Texas), nothing was ever done by the United
States government to indicate that the two lines between the
thirty-second and thirty-third parallels did not coincide; and not
until 1848, did Congress take action on the assumption that the
lines south of the 32nd parallel did not coincide.
By an act approved July 5, 1848,25 Congress consented that
The legislature of the State of Texas may extend her eastern bound-
ary so as to include within her limits one half of Sabine Pass, one
half of Sabine Lake, also one half of Sabine River, from its mouth
as far north as the thirty-second degree of north latitude.
In accordance with this consent of Congress, the Texas legislature
passed an act, approved November 24, 1849,26 extending the
limits of the state of Texas to include the "western half of Sabine
pass, Sabine lake, and Sabine river from its mouth" to the thirty-
Congress could, under the Constitution, authorize Texas to
make this extension of her limits only if the said portions of
Sabine Pass, Sabine Lake, and Sabine River had continued since
1819 to constitute a strip of Federal territory. Perhaps Congress
had intended to establish and maintain such a Federal possession;
the early records of Congress do not indicate. At any rate, the
oddity of the location and shape of the area in question does not
rule it out as having been Federal territory. At present the Fed-
eral government owns a portion of the Red River for the dis-
tance that the boundaries of Texas and Oklahoma follow this
river; and the Federal possession is comprised of that irregular
strip which lies south of the medial line of the river and north
of the southern "water-washed" bank, which is the boundary of
The jurisdiction of Oklahoma extends over the entire river to
the Texas boundary. But the ownership of the river bed in this
non-navigable river (the Supreme Court held that no part of it
26Ibid., IX, 245.
26Sayles and Sayles, Early Laws of Texas, II, art. 1919.
270klahoma vs. Texas, January 15, 1923, United States Reports, CCLX, 606,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950, periodical, 1950; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/m1/27/: accessed October 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.