The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950 Page: 223
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pleading, but does point out the ruthless disregard of these rights
by Spaniards, Mexicans, and Americans. The quotation of Cap-
tain Blacktooth's oration (p. 21) appeals to the noblest instincts
of justice and fair play. Creation of the "Missionary Empire," and
its secularization, "abrupt, all-inclusive, and harsh," are briefly
but graphically depicted. Chapters are also given to the follow-
ing: "Four Square Leagues," "First Rancheros," "Gifts of Land,"
"Chain of Title," "The Land Commission," "Shotgun Titles,"
"Titles in El Dorado," "Land Grants to Railroads," "Land for
Settlers," "Land Scrip," "The State as Owner," "Buying and
Selling California," "Insurance of Title," and "Title Story of Two
Cities." The reviewer would not say that all chapters are equally
interesting and important, but the author has somehow made
each one readable. The work of the Land Commission, with
provision for review by the Federal Courts, is explained carefully
and in detail. The establishment of and leisurely life on the early
day ranchos is portrayed. The coming of the squatters, their
impatience of delay and scramble for lands, and eventual reflec-
tion of their political influence in legislative and judicial bodies,
are indicated. The effects of land grants to the railroads and
application of the homestead law to California are shown clearly.
The far-reaching effects of "land scrip" are interestingly told.
The development of abstracting and the growing acceptance of
the author's own business, "Title Insurance," are shown. The
struggle of San Francisco for full title to its "Foursquare Leagues"
constitutes one of the most illuminating and interesting contribu-
tions of the book.
The Appendix contains three valuable documents: "Boundary
and Property Provisions of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo,
1848," "Act for the Admission of California into the Union,"
and "Act to Ascertain and Settle the Private Land Claims in the
State of California." There is an extensive bibliography, with
critical comments, and there is a workable index. If the other
volumes maintain the standard set by Mr. Robinson then The
Chronicles of California will, indeed, be "an enduring commem-
oration of the state's centennial."
J. L. WALLER
Texas Western College
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950, periodical, 1950; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/m1/271/: accessed March 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.