The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950 Page: 12
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
middle of the river and the west bank of the river, respectively,
intersected the said parallel; or, second, the Louisiana state line
was allowed to become identified automatically with the 1819
line. If Congress had retained a strip of Federal territory west
of the entire length of the Louisiana line as described in the act
admitting this state, then why did Congress not authorize Texas
in 1848 to extend her eastern limits to include all the Federal
strip? If, on the other hand, the Louisiana boundary was permit-
ted to coincide with the 1819 line north of the thirty-second
degree of latitude, why would the Louisiana boundary not
"follow the flag" south of this parallel?
In 1941, one hundred years after the line as described in the
Treaty of 1819 had been surveyed and marked in accordance
with the provisions of the 1838 convention between the United
States and Texas, Bascom Giles, commissioner of the General
Land Office of Texas, wrote to Governor Sam H. Jones of Lou-
isiana stating that
It appears that there is a strip approximately 150 feet in width and
70 miles long between the marked boundary of Texas of 1838 and the
actual boundary of Louisiana as fixed in 1812. . This strip extends
from Joaquin, Texas, opposite Logansport, Louisiana [towns near
the thirty-second parallel] to the Arkansas-Louisiana line and con-
tains about 13oo acres. ... Since the boundary of Louisiana was
previously fixed as running up the middle of the Sabine River to the
320 of latitude, thence due north to the northermost part of 33 of
latitude, it is evident that the line as surveyed on the ground in 1838
[that is, in 1840-1841, as provided for in 1838] did not and could
not coincide with the boundary of the State of Louisiana, as fixed in
1812, by the width of one-half of the river.33
Texas, however, could have no claim to the strip north of the
thirty-second parallel; the Act of July 5, 1848, did not authorize an
extension eastward for this portion of the Texas boundary. Nei-
ther was Louisiana ever authorized by formal legislation to
extend her limits to coincide with the line as surveyed in 1840-
1841. Could it be possible, therefore, that there still exists as
Federal territory a strip of land approximately 150 feet wide and
70 miles long, separating Louisiana from Texas for the distance
saBascom Giles to Sam H. Jones, November 25, 1941, copy on file, Department
of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, State of Louisiana, Baton Rouge.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950, periodical, 1950; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/m1/30/: accessed June 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.