The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950 Page: 20
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
uary, 1818." The one hundredth meridian is about sixty miles
west of the forks of the main branches of Red River. John
Melish's map located the meridian about forty miles east of the
forks. In 1828, after Mexico had become independent, a treaty2
was concluded by which the United States and Mexico confirmed
the validity of the Treaty of 1819.
In 1837 Texas was recognized as an independent republic, no
longer under the power and jurisdiction of Mexico. The United
States and Texas in the following year concluded a treaty by
which the boundary as thus established was accepted by Texas
as binding. In 1845, under joint resolutions of Congress,4 Texas
was admitted into the Union as a state with "the territory prop-
erly included within, and rightfully belonging to the Republic
of Texas." The claim of Texas to the territory between the forks
of Red River and the one hundredth meridian began with the
annexation of the state in that year.
On September 9, 1850, Congress approved an act proposing to
the state of Texas the establishment of her northern and western
boundaries, the relinquishment by said state of all territory
claimed by her, exterior to said boundaries, and of all her claims
upon the United States. By the act certain propositions were
made to Texas, including a money compensation, which proposi-
tions being accepted were to be binding upon the United States
and Texas. In the first proposition Texas agreed that her bound-
ary "on the north" should commence at the point where the
one hundredth meridian is intersected by the parallel of 360 30',
and should run from said point due west to limitations specified.
By the second proposition Texas ceded to the United States
all her claim to territory exterior to the limits and boundaries
which she agreed "to establish" by the first article of the agree-
ment. Both the United States and Texas agreed to be bound by
the terms of the propositions, according to their import and
2Treaty of January 12, 1828, Malloy, Treaties, I, 1082. An illuminating treatment
of early explorations and treaties concerning the Red River country is given by
Webb Leonidus Moore, The Greer County Question (San Marcos, 1939).
STreaty of April 25, 1838, Malloy, Treaties, II, 1779; United States Statutes at
Large, V, 797; ibid., IX, 1o8. Referred to hereafter as Statutes.
4The joint resolution of Texas is dated June 23, 1845, and is in H. P. N. Gam-
mel, The Laws of Texas, x822-z897 (10o vols.; Austin, 1898), II, 1200oo-120o2.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950, periodical, 1950; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/m1/38/: accessed August 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.