The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950 Page: 334
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
recommendation of Governor Roberts (1879-1883) that the ap-
propriations for eleemosynary institutions, the Agricultural and
Mechanical College, and pensions for the veterans of the Texas
Revolution be eliminated. He also advocated drastic reduction
of appropriations for public schools. Economy restored the credit
of the state, but a large portion of the state debt was reduced by
the use of the endowments of certain institutions and that of the
public schools. The state conveniently forgot ever to pay any
interest on the debt. Texans may well ponder the lessons of this
incident, for institutional rivalries and political ambitions could
still play havoc with these endowments.
The movement to industrialize Texas has progressed to the
extent that agriculture no longer employs a majority of the peo-
ple. The growth of industry was especially rapid during World
War II. Possession of an abundance of natural resources and a
favorable climate, together with good transportation facilities,
account for the steady flow of new industries to the state. Among
the more important industries are oil refining, synthetic rubber
manufacturing, sulphur mining, a great variety of chemical
plants, newsprint mills, shipyards, airplane plants, carbon black
plants, and a variety of mining operations. In their anxiety to
industrialize Texas it may well be questioned that the people have
always acted in the best interests of the State. The criminal waste
in the oil fields and the mad scramble to get rid of our natural
gas may in the end find Texas without the very resources on
which the industrialization depends. It may also be remarked
that, before industrialization can come to full fruition, Texas
will have to adopt a more enlightened attitude on the question
of labor. Truly astounding is the author's statement (p. 429) that
"in general the condition of labor in Texas has been superior
to that in states which are more completely industrialized." This
in the face of the fact that Texas probably has more restrictive
and punitive labor laws than any other state, and that it has
steadily refused for a quarter of a century to ratify the proposed
child labor amendment to the Federal Constitution.
The author takes a rather dim view of Texas literature. He
says: "It should, therefore, surprise no one to learn that few
Texas books approach greatness; many are good, but the majority
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950, periodical, 1950; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/m1/410/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.