The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950 Page: 25
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The Claim of Texas to Greer County
lished in 1875 the one hundredth meridian from the sixty-seventh
to the ninetieth milepost. Ehud N. Darling under contract of
September 7, 1872, resurveyed in 1875 the one hundredth me-
ridian from the ninetieth mile corner on the north bank of the
Canadian north to the south boundary of Kansas, resurveying
the line as the west boundary of the Cherokee country."
Texas did not formally accept or denounce the one hundredth
meridian as determined in surveys by Jones and Brown, and
Clark. Boundary monuments set up by Jones and Brown were
accepted in the public surveys as boundary monuments of Texas.14
Local residents came to accept the monuments as marking the
boundary line between Texas and Oklahoma. In subsequent sur-
veys approved by the General Land Office the monument on
Red River established by Major was accepted as marking the
Texas boundary line at that point. Congress in 1891 confirmed
the location of the earthen monument Clark established at the
northeast corner of the Texas panhandle, but confirmed no other
part of this survey of the one hundredth meridian."5
In reference to the Act of June 5, i858, it appears that com-
missioners who represented Texas were instructed by Governor
Samuel Houston on April 28, 186o, to insist on the north fork
of Red River as the true boundary line described in the Treaty
of 1819. At any rate on the north bank of that river the com-
missioners for Texas erected a monument fifteen feet in diameter
and seven feet high, claimed that as the true southwest corner
of Indian Territory, and reported their doings to the governor
While Clark was wintering at Fort Smith, contemplating the
prolongation of the line surveyed by Jones and Brown as the
eastern boundary of Texas north of Red River, the legislature
of Texas on February 8, i86o, created the county of Greer, with
isIn regard to the resurveys of DuBois, Hackbusch, and Darling, and the closing
of lines in subdivisional surveys on the one hundredth meridian, see the General
Report of Arthur D. Kidder, House Documents, 59th Cong., Ist Sess., XLVI (4986),
No. 259, PP- 4-7.
14Oklahoma vs. Texas, Supreme Court Reporter, XLVII, 9.
15The sundry civil appropriations act of March 3, 1891, confirmed the survey
of the boundary line between the Public Land Strip and Texas, established under
the act of June 5, 1858. Statutes, XXVI, 97x.
1e"Boundary Line between Texas and Indian Territory," House Reports, 47th
Cong., 1st Sess., V (2o69), No. 1282.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950, periodical, 1950; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/m1/43/: accessed August 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.