The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950 Page: 31
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Claim of Texas to Greer County
matter, and that the appointment of a joint commission would
be a proper manner in which to attempt a settlement of the
question. Price considered it important in the interest of peace
and tranquillity amongst the surrounding Indians that jurisdic-
tion of the United States over Greer County should be main-
tained until the boundary question should be finally determined,
and that all attempts at settlement on the lands should be
checked promptly by removal of the intruders.84
H. C. Sweet in 1883 came from Hamilton County, Texas, to
the present site of Mangum as a surveyor in the employ of Cap-
tain A. S. Mangum, for the purpose of locating land scrip and
laying out a townsite.36 Texas had granted the land to Captain
Mangum, rewarding him as one of the Texas Volunteers in the
Army of the Confederacy. Apparently Mangum was never in
Greer County, but the task he assigned to Sweet was soon com-
pleted, and the development of the town began.
In a letter to President Chester A. Arthur on August 24, 1883,
Governor John Ireland of Texas said in reference to the act of
the legislature of May 2, 1882:
In view of the fact that the United States is setting up some sort of
claim to that territory known as Grier [sic] County, in this State;
and inasmuch as this State feels that she has a perfect title to the
territory, I respectfully and earnestly urge such steps on the part of
the United States as will enable the Joint Commission to be raised.
There are now a large number of people settled in the Territory,
and if the respective claims of Texas and the United States were
settled the country would rapidly fill up.
Secretary H. M. Teller reviewed this letter in one addressed to
the President on January 8, 1884.8" Teller recommended that a
84Price to Secretary of Interior, August 3o, 1882, Senate Reports, 49th Cong.,
1st Sess., VIII (2362), pp. 390-391. Major Guy V. Henry found that if cattle were
driven out they drifted back the next day, and their owners could not prevent it.
He wrote: "The Texas edge is barren of grass; the side opposite in Indian Terri-
tory heavily grassed, and only separated by a small stream, dry most of the sum-
mer, so cattle themselves soon make a choice." Letter of August 26, 1882, in ibid.,
asIn a letter to Lieutenant C. J. Crane on July 1, 1884, Sweet told of his coming
to Greer County; also he set forth rather vigorously the claim of Texas to the
county. The letter is in the National Archives, Adjutant General's Office, Indian
Territory, Consolidated File, 1879-1893. The papers are filed in chronological order.
38Teller to the President, Senate Executive Documents, 48th Cong., 2nd Sess.,
II (2263), No. 50, pp. 28-30. Cf. copy in National Archives, Department of Interior,
Lands and R. R. Div., (Large) Letter Book, XLIII, 382-388.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950, periodical, 1950; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/m1/49/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.