The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950 Page: 34
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
for their management more than ioo men.42 By 1888 there was
in the county an estimated population of four or five thousand."3
On the jacket of letters by H. C. Sweet and Crane, which he
forwarded to the adjutant general of the Army, Brigadier General
C. C. Augur made a notation under date of July 21, 1884. The
notation said in part: "The map of the U. S. issued from the
Genl. Land Office in 1883 shows to the ordinary observer, the
territory embraced in what is called Greer Co. Texas to be a part
of Texas. Careful examination shows that it is not so. I have
myself heard in Texas this map quoted as authority for the claim
of Texas to this country.""44
A map about four by six feet issued by the General Land Office
in 1883 is in the National Archives, Division of Maps and Charts.
It is printed and is in black and white. It is difficult to see how
a layman by looking at the map could find reason to believe that
Greer County was in Texas. The map by the General Land Office
in 1882 and the map in 1884, however, show Indian reservations
in green, while Greer County has the same color as the Oklahoma
Lands and the Cherokee Outlet and has a close resemblance to
the color in which Texas is painted. Greer County is shown laid
off into townships; Texas is not. Despite this contrast laymen
might have been led to believe by the maps of 1882 and 1884
that Greer County was in Texas."5
(To be continued)
42Crane to Assistant Adjutant General, Department of Missouri, July 5, 1884,
National Archives, Adjutant General's Office, Indian Territory, Consolidated File
1879-93. This file contains some material relative to "intruders" in Greer County.
43Emma Estill-Harbour, "A Brief History of the Red River Country Since 1803,"
Chronicles of Oklahoma, XVI (March, 1938), 83-85; "Claim of State of Texas,"
House Reports, 5oth Cong., 1st Sess., II (2599), No. 370, p. 2; Lem H. Tittle,
"Notes on the History of Old Greer County," Chronicles of Oklahoma, XX (June,
44The letters and jacket are in National Archives, Adjutant General's Office,
Indian Territory, Consolidated File 1879-93, Box 2653, "1884-End."
45The map for 1882 is in General Land Office, Division E. The map for 1884
is in National Archives, Division of Maps and Charts. The "Map of Territory of
United States West of the Mississippi River" prepared by the Chief of Engineers,
United States Army, 1883, records clearly Greer County as being in Indian
Territory. A copy of the map is in General Land Office, Division E.
Greer County was surveyed into townships by 1875. The field notes are in Gen-
eral Land Office, in volumes labeled "Indian Territory."
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950, periodical, 1950; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/m1/52/: accessed February 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.