The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950 Page: 421
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The Claim of Texas to Greer County
forget a claim maintained so long. Dr. H. Bailey Carroll well says,
"Greer County is almost Texas irredenta."1s4
The determination of the one hundredth meridian, located
in 1818 on John Melish's map as being east of Greer County,
was a perplexing problem; and it required a half dozen surveys,
extending over a period of seventy years, to locate the true one
hundredth meridian separating Texas from Greer County, or
from the territory that once comprised that county.135 For twen-
ty-three years after statehood Oklahoma exercised all the sover-
eign powers of a state over nearly forty-five square miles of the
Texas Panhandle, just west of the one hundredth meridian.
184"Texas County Histories," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XLV (1941-
1942), 79. A good historical bibliography relative to Greer County is on pp. 173-174.
135During an interview the author had in 1946, Mr. A. D. Kidder said: "In
surveying, instruments and methods improved with the years. Jones and Brown
used very crude astronomical methods, depending on a determination of the longi-
tude by the method of moon culminations. Pritchett and I used exact stellar
methods, and located monuments less than one hundred feet apart. We measured
the difference in longitude from Greenwich, England.
"Geodetic methods were not available for surveys of the one hundredth meridian
made before 1923. A geodetic survey is based on measurements on the surface of
the earth secured from large triangles. The angles are determined at night in
order to be entirely free from heat waves. These waves cause only minor errors.
"In 1927 the geodetic standard was adopted for the United States by the United
States Coast and Geodetic Survey, and agreed upon by Mexico and Canada. An
international boundary question of these countries is determined by that standard."
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950, periodical, 1950; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/m1/527/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.