The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950 Page: 501
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with seeking the development of a peculiarly Southern identity
than with placing them within the context of the English em-
pire. English commercial needs, English mercantile organization,
English geographical theory, and many other topics of this vol-
ume transcend regional importance. The author passes easily on
occasion to English colonizing endeavors in Bermuda, the West
Indies, and other areas. Bermuda, especially, receives extended
attention. The imperial approach to Southern history seems
entirely appropriate to the period, which is essentially one of
colonization, rather than of national, much less regional, de-
Professor Craven's pages abound with clearly and pleasantly
expressed ideas that give meaning and form to his narrative of
events. From numerous printed and some manuscript sources,
as well as the best of secondary accounts, he has drawn fresh
conclusions and given added authority to others. The author
places great emphasis on the promotional work of the two
Richard Hakluyts and the importance of concepts of national
interests in guiding the colonizing efforts of individuals and
companies. He ties the liberalization of Virginia's government
after 1618 to the promotional problems of the London Company,
and indicates how the reforms were a logical extension to the
colony of the organizational features of English joint-stock com-
panies. The rapid acceleration of colonization after this date is
properly included by the author as a part of "the Great Migra-
tion" that peopled the British West Indies and other portions
of the English Empire. With a sure pen, Dr. Craven summarizes
the mutation of English institutions of Church and local govern-
ment in the American environment. Agreeing with the view that
the small farm was the basic unit of Southern economic life in
the seventeenth century, he emphatically dismisses "the roses and
old lace interpretation. ... " "There was an occasional wig at
church on Sunday. ... But through the week, life was hard and
men smelled of tobacco, cattle, and sweat."
The reader can easily and profitably expand the list of Pro-
fessor Craven's significant findings. In each case, he will discover
that the author has mustered his evidence with great skill to bear
precisely on the points at hand. The whole work forms an out-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950, periodical, 1950; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101126/m1/607/: accessed October 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.