The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 54, July 1950 - April, 1951 Page: 121
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Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, it acquired not only land
but sovereignty over many and varied peoples. Except for a thin
line of settlements established by Spain and Mexico along the
Rio Grande and in California and for the newly-planted Mormon
colony in Utah, the Indians were virtually the only inhabitants
of the huge area. For the next hundred years there unfolds a
story of government dealings with a tenacious people, resisting
white settlement and trying to hold on to their own way of life
and its culture. The efforts to provide education and health serv-
ices, the attempts to pacify the Apache and other war-like groups,
and the dealings in general between the Indian agent and his
wards all make up part of the story, a story not without its ele-
ments of dishonor. Much of the credit, though, for the achieve-
ments of the Indian service in the Southwest must be given to
the agents. Most of them were capable and conscientious and gave
their best to the service of the people committed to their care.
Attention is paid to the Indians of California, New Mexico,
Arizona, Utah, and Nevada, the Apaches and their handling by
the army, and current problems common to all the tribes in
that region. The conclusion arrived at would be difficult to re-
fute: "The solution of the problem of the Indian of the South-
west lies in a program of education that will fit him to become
a part of the white civilization which envelopes him, still retain-
ing all that is best of his own culture." That this is possible is
evidenced by what has happened in the state of Oklahoma, where
more than three-fourths of the population of some 12o,ooo In-
dians is now completely merged with that of the whites. Such a
situation in the Southwest will require a comprehensive program
of education for both Indians and whites. There is still racial
prejudice and intolerance, and too many people regard the In-
dian as a "museum piece" rather than as a person with the same
characteristics and capabilities as other persons.
Thirty-two photographs of scenes in and around Indian reserva-
tions and five excellent maps add greatly to the value of the
book. Dr. Dale was a member of the Merriam Commission which
in 1926-27 visited every important reservation in the Southwest
and prepared a lengthy report on conditions found. This report
was published in 1928 by the Johns Hopkins University Press
under the title, The Problem of Indian Administration.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 54, July 1950 - April, 1951, periodical, 1951; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101133/m1/149/: accessed March 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.