The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 54, July 1950 - April, 1951 Page: 262
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and western boundary the Rio Grande from mouth to source
and thence due north to the 42nd parallel. This line, which
extended far beyond the edge of Texas settlement, included
portions of the present states of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado,
and Wyoming as well as the city of Santa Fe and other set-
tled portions of New Mexico. In 1841 President Mirabeau B.
Lamar made the first attempt to extend Texan jurisdiction into
this area by authorizing the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, but
far from achieving its objective, the expedition was captured in
eastern New Mexico and its members marched as prisoners to
Mexico. The immediate result was the Adrian Woll raid on San
Antonio and the Somervell and Mier Expeditions, each of which
lowered rather than raised Texas' expansionist ambitions and
even threatened her chances of survival.
This was the situation when, on January 28, 1843, Jacob
Snively petitioned the government of the Republic for permis-
sion to organize and fit out an expedition for the purpose of
intercepting and capturing the property of Mexican traders who
might pass through Texas' claimed territory on the Santa Fe
Snively, a former citizen of the United States, probably a
Pennsylvanian, had come to Texas at least as early as April, 1835,
when he was acting as surveyor for the Mexican government.
In July of that year he was granted land in David G. Burnet's
colony. Snively served in the army of the Republic from March,
1836, until September, 1837, rising in rank from lieutenant to
tooth meridian, and the Arkansas became important landmarks establishing the
boundary between the United States and the Republic of Texas. The map referred
to is one accompanying John Melish, A Geographical Description of the World,
Intended as an Accompaniment to the Map of the World on Mercator's Projection
(Philadelphia, 1818). The map is copied in Texas vs. United States, United States
Reports (1896), 30-31.
The United States recognized the Republic of Texas in March, 1837, and by a
treaty of April 25, 1838, definitely specified the Adams-Ofiis Treaty line as the
boundary between Texas and the United States. Malloy (comp.), Treaties, Con-
ventions, ... between the United States and other Powers, II, 1779.
3The Santa Fe Trail, which extended from United States settlements in Missouri
to the Mexican town of Santa Fe, became important as a commercial route in
1821, and by 1843 the total volume of trade was estimated at $450,000 annually.
Lansing B. Bloom, "Editorial Notes," New Mexico Historical Review, IX (1934), 97.
The classic account of the Santa Fe Trail is Josiah Gregg, Commerce of the Prairies:
The Journal of a Santa Fe Trader (a vols.; Philadelphia, 1855; 1 vol. reprint;
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 54, July 1950 - April, 1951, periodical, 1951; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101133/m1/368/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.