The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 54, July 1950 - April, 1951 Page: 264
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
from the Gov't. to organize and fit out an expedition for the purpose
of intercepting and capturing the property of Mexican Traders who
may pass through the territory of the Republic, to and from Santa
F6 &c., has been received, and laid before His Excellency the President
[Sam Houston], and he, after a careful consideration of the subject,
directs that such authority be granted you, upon the terms and con-
ditions therein expressed,-That is to say,
You are therefore, hereby authorized to organize such a force, not
exceeding three hundred men, as you may deem necessary to the
achievements of the objects proposed.
The expedition will be strictly partisan, the Troops composing the
corps to mount, equip, and provision themselves at their own expense,
and one half of all the spoils taken in honorable warfare, to belong
to the Republic and the Government to be at no expense whatever
on account of the expedition.
The force may operate in any portion of the Territory of the
Republic, above the line of settlements and between the Rio del
Norte and the boundary line of the United States, but will be careful
not to infringe upon the territory of that Gov't., as the object of the
expedition is to retaliate and make reclamation for injuries sustained
by Texan citizens, the merchandise and other property of all Mexican
citizens will be a lawful prize, and such as may be captured will be
brought into Red River, one half of which will be deposited in the
Customs House of that District, subject to the orders of the Govern-
ment, and the other half will belong to the captors, to be equally
divided between the Officers and men. An agent will be appointed to
assist in the division.
The result of the campaign will be reported to the Government
upon the disbandment of the force, as also its progress from time to
time, as practicable.
By order of the President
M. C. HAMILTON
Act. Sec. War & Marine"
The Snively Expedition is a chapter which Texas history ought
to be happy to record in detail; it typifies Texan enterprise of its
era and merits recognition as a forerunner of the settlement
of the Anglo-American Southwest. Its story is one of scouting,
of freebooters, of privateers who carried their letters of marque
and reprisal across a sea of grass to attack the mercantile trail
most outstanding in the memory of Americans. That the par-
*The original document is in Army Papers, 1840-1845, Texas State Archives;
it is printed in George P. Garrison (ed.), Diplomatic Correspondence of the
Republic of Texas, Annual Reports of the American Historical Association for
19o07 and 19o8 (3 vols.; Washington, 19o8-1911), II, 217.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 54, July 1950 - April, 1951, periodical, 1951; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101133/m1/370/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.