The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 54, July 1950 - April, 1951 Page: 430
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rhe Callaha# Sxpeditioi, 1855
ERNEST C. SHEARER
SINCE Texas had been settled largely by inhabitants from
the southern part of the United States, it was natural that
these Americans should have had a vital interest in the
outcome of the revolution between Texas and Mexico which was
well under way in 1835. In that year the Texans were rather
successful. General Martin Perfecto de C6s, commandant of the
eastern interior provinces, surrendered on December 14 and
started for Mexico; in the same month, however, Antonio L6pez
de Santa Anna placed the government of Mexico in the hands
of others and assumed personal command of the army at San
Luis Potosi. From all parts of the Republic, he assembled troops
with which to deal with Texas.'
Facing such a situation, Texas doubly welcomed volunteers
from the United States; therefore, twenty-one-year-old James
Hughes Callahan from Georgia could expect to find a cordial
greeting when he arrived in Texas with Captain William Ward's
command in December, 1835. Upon the organization of the
Georgia battalion about December 25, Callahan became a ser-
geant in Captain James C. Winn's company. After Ward's com-
mand surrendered at Goliad on March 22, 1836, Callahan and
fifteen others were detailed at Victoria to build a floating bridge,
or boat, and consequently escaped the famous Goliad massacre
of March 27. Callahan later escaped from the Mexicans and at
Velasco on June 9, 1836, was issued an honorable discharge from
the Texan army "in consideration of his services and sufferings."
He was then given $1o6, a passport to the United States, and a
paper requesting that he be aided by the civil and military
authorities of Texas.2
Callahan, however, chose to remain in Texas, settling first at
Gonzales and later at Seguin. A large part of his life was spent
'Eugene C. Barker, Mexico and Texas, 1821-1835 (Dallas, 1929), 135; George
Lockhart Rives, The United States and Mexico (2 vols.; New York, 1913), I, 364.
2Comptroller's Military Service Records, Texas State Archives; Harbert Daven-
port, Notes from an unfinished study of Fannin and his men (MS. in Texas State
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 54, July 1950 - April, 1951, periodical, 1951; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101133/m1/580/?rotate=90: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.