The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952 Page: 395
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Notes and Documents
ing the presidential prize and the concomittant control of the
machinery of government. The pretenders, practical politicians
withal, supported their ambitions with force; and after the smoke
had cleared from the highly complex sequence of events, Porfirio
Diaz emerged the victor in the three-ringed circus, while Lerdo
and the other contender, Jos6 Maria Iglesias, made hasty and
separate retreats to the United States, lugging in their baggage
their respective claims to the de jure presidency.2 It was both
significant and ironical that Diaz, who had in part fomented his
movement against Lerdo from the happy revolutionary hunting
grounds of Texas,3 was soon to discover the tables reversed when
Lerdo chose the same inviting path of Texas as the medium for
the reconquest of his purloined power.
After the collapse of his authority, President Lerdo made his
way to New York City via Acapulco, Panama, and the Atlantic
Ocean route, arriving in early i877.' Accompanying him were
his chief cabinet advisers, including General Mariano Escobedo,
the last minister of war and a man surrounded by the legendary
patina of nationalistic glory arising from the defeat of the French
intervention in Mexico. General Escobedo, serving under the
banner of Benito Juarez, not only had led the northern republi-
can armies back toward Mexico City in 1867, following in the
footsteps of the departing French forces of Napoleon III, but he
personally had received the surrender of Emperor Maximilian
at Quer6taro in the same year and had been in direct charge of
the military trial and execution of the ill-fated Hapsburg Prince.
Time had not dimmed Escobedo's intimate relation to those
melodramatic events in the minds of Texans, despite the fact
2Jos6 Maria Iglesias' La Cuestidn Presidencial en 1876 (Mexico, 1892) has
remained the principal monograph on the revolution, although it was drafted to
portray the author's part in the most favorable light.
sWalter Prescott Webb, The Texas Rangers: A Century of Frontier Defense
(Boston, New York, 1935), 284-285; Josh C. Valadds, El Porfirismo, Historia de un
Rdgimen: El Nacimiento (Mexico, 1941), 15; Ricardo Garcia Granados, Historia
de Mdxico desde la Restauracidn de la Republica en 2867 hasta la Caida de Porfirio
Diaz (4 vols. in two; Mexico, n. d.), I, 130-131; Foster to Fish, February 2, 1876,
in Papers Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States, x876 (Washing-
ton, 1876), 392.
'New York Daily Tribune, February 12, 1877, p. 8; The Daily Graphic (New
York), February 12, 1877, p. 707; New York Herald, February 12, 1877, p. 3; El
Siglo (Mexico), March 9, 1877.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952, periodical, 1952; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101139/m1/469/: accessed May 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.