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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952 Page: 526

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

one of the notably great figures of his times, standing, as he did,
always just short of complete attainment. It is ironical that he is
remembered, if remembered at all, by any other than the student
of frontier history, as the husband of the exotic Myra Clark
Whitney Gaines. Silver is to be commended for his restraint in
not essaying to write society comedy and for leaving the cause
celebre to other hands.
The author has brought a vast amount of research to his task:
one single citation in the bibliography refers "to several thou-
sand letters sent by Gaines to the War Department between 18oo
and 1849." Yet this formidable collection of papers constitutes
only a tithe of the materials consulted and used. The Louisiana
State University Press, as usual, has done a praiseworthy job of
printing and binding. Errata have not been detected.
Texas Western College
Rift in the Democracy. By James C. N. Paul. Philadelphia (Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania Press), 1951. Pp. xiv+2oo00. $4.00.
Paul's Rift in the Democracy, a detailed but swift-moving nar-
rative of political events, political intrigues, and party strife inci-
dent to the election of 1844, deserves to be read more for its
manner of telling than for the story itself which has been many
times retold. It is largely the story of the Democratic Party built
and consolidated by the dominating personality of Andrew Jack-
son and of the deterioration of that party when deprived of his
leadership. The author makes it reasonably clear that the party
was no more unified in its thinking in 1836 than in 1844 when
the division in ranks became apparent. Party members in the
early 1830's differed on such issues as slavery, expansion, the
bank, tariff, and public finance but were as one in their loyalty
to Andrew Jackson, the one tie which bound them together. In
1844 this tie was gone and the rift which had existed for many
years was made visible. This division might as well have devel-
oped in 1836 as in 1844 if Jackson had been less wise and had
stood for annexation in the face of powerful opposition and had
thus committed his successor, Martin Van Buren, to this danger-
ous policy. Jackson, however, to keep his party together refused


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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952, periodical, 1952; Austin, Texas. ( accessed January 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.