The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952 Page: 44
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Jessup. There is a conflict of opinion as to which man had more
influence over the other. It seems that both had the idea of lead-
ing a revolutionary force into Texas. John Henry Brown says
their mission was to revolutionize Texas by wresting the province
from the Spaniards and establishing an independent republic.
Henderson Yoakum says that they intended to conquer Texas to
the Rio Grande and to build up a republican state, with a view
ultimately of adding it to the American or Mexican union as
circumstances would permit.4
Magee, who, in the meantime, had resigned from the army,
was selected colonel and real commander of the proposed expe-
dition. Guti6rrez, in order to gain the support of the Mexican
population in Texas, was given the title of general, thus inti-
mating that he was the head of the expedition. In an effort to
obtain the Texas Indians as auxiliaries, the aid of John McFar-
land and Samuel Davenport was secured.
Magee and Gutidrrez began organizing the Republican Army
of the North in the Neutral Ground in the latter part of June,
1812. Magee visited New Orleans, secured additional supplies,
and enlisted some men of respectable character." Although men
from Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Florida joined the
forces, most of them came from the Neutral Ground. Each re-
cruit was offered a salary of forty dollars a month and a league
of land in Texas.7 Among those who joined the expedition in
the Neutral Ground were some freebooters who had a distinct
dislike for Magee dating back to a time when Magee was sta-
tioned at Fort Jessup. It seems that Magee had been detailed to
escort some Spanish traders across the Neutral Ground. When
the party had almost reached safety, it was attacked by the free-
booters; Magee and a few of his men were forced to flee. The
following day Magee returned with reinforcements and captured
sBrown, History of Texas, I, 55.
4Yoakum, History of Texas, I, 153.
5Samuel Davenport, a Spanish citizen with liberal leanings, was the Spanish
Indian agent in the Nacogdoches area, where he had lived since 1794. He had
amassed much land and cattle. As Colonel Davenport was wealthy and in position
to furnish supplies, he was appointed quartermaster general of the expedition.
-Ibid.; Garrett, Green Flag, 143.
7McCaleb, "Guti6rrez-Magee Expedition," Quarterly, IV, 222; Gulick and others
(eds.), Lamar Papers, I, 285; Yoakum, History of Texas, I, 154.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952, periodical, 1952; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101139/m1/66/: accessed May 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.