The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952 Page: 61
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The Magee-Gutidrrez Expedition
whom Arredondo recommended favorably to the Viceroy was
Lieutenant Antonio L6pez de Santa Anna.
The death on the field of Menchaca, the commander of the
Mexican division of the Republican Army of North Mexico,51
and the desertion of a group of Mexicans to the Spaniards at a
crucial moment can be considered important reasons for the
defeat.52 Probably the greatest single factor of all, however, was
the poor state of discipline and training among the Republicans.
It is unlikely that Arredondo had sufficient entrenching tools
and axes to construct a breastwork of sufficient size to trap the
Republicans; he did not have the time or the sapper (engineer)
units to construct such a work. He had, however, performed an
excellent military feat. He may be pardoned for exaggerating the
numbers of the opposing force (a habit of commanders which
has come down to modern times) in his desire to impress the
King and Viceroy of the prowess of his army. It seems clear,
however, that no trap was intended to be set, or was set, at the
battle of the Medina, for had Arredondo been clever enough to
set a trap and to lure the Republican Army into it, he certainly
would not have failed to mention that fact in his report to his
King and Viceroy.
5lMenchaca, Memoirs, 17.
52Brown, History of Texas, I, 62.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952, periodical, 1952; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101139/m1/83/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.