The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952 Page: 63
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Life and Times in Albuquerque, Texas
Frontier settlement almost always followed the course of run-
ning water. Early colonization in South Central Texas was, there-
fore, along the Guadalupe and San Antonio rivers. Even during
the Republic, however, settlers were beginning to move into the
region between these rivers and choose homesites along the
creeks,5 the Cibolo, the Ecleto, the Sandies, and the Clear Fork
The Clear Fork of Sandies was a bold, beautiful stream. Like
a river, it ran continuously and scattered along its course were
large, deep pools where fish were plentiful and bathing was
good." The region traversed by this creek had excellent agrarian
possibilities as the deep sandy prairies, covered with a splendid
coat of grass and dotted with oak trees, were of the required
consistency for the then current cast iron plow.
Fringing the prairies were woodlands of heavy timber not only
capable of producing building material and fuel but abounding
with game, nuts, and honey. The entire region, extending north
of the Clear Fork to the Guadalupe and south to the San Antonio,
blackland as well as sandy land, was an ideal, open stock range.
Immigration waves, phases in the westward extension of the
cotton culture, followed statehood and the Civil War. During
the sixties and continuing at an ever increasing rate throughout
the seventies, settlers from Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, and
Georgia settled "up and down and along both sides"' of the Clear
Fork. Natives of Louisiana, Arkansas, Virginia, and Mexico, as
well as representatives of South Carolina, North Carolina,
Kentucky, Florida, Indiana, New York, and Illinois settled in
thin from reloading many times, a practice current during the last century, and
has broken down under subsequent corrosion over a long period of time.
In 1873 the Model 73 Winchester "was introduced in the famous .44-40 caliber,
which gave plainsmen and hunters the one thing they wanted above all else in a
rifle-center-fire firepower. Its accuracy and shocking power were better than most
other rifles and about as good as the best. It was said of this rifle that you could
load it on Sunday and fire it all week. ... The tremendous popularity of the
Model 73 is no better attested than the fact that Sam Colt chambered his famous
six-shooter for this cartridge so that a Westerner could use the same fodder in
both his hand and shoulder gun."-Bill Depperman, "One of One Thousand,"
The American Rifleman, Vol. 98, No. 5 (May, 1950), 14.
5C. L. Patterson, Wilson County, Texas ([Floresville], 1939), 7.
6Letter from C. L. Patterson, January 22, 1950 (MS. in the Archives, University
of Texas Library).
?Signed statement of Albert Alston, September 3, 1950 (MS. in the Archives,
University of Texas Library).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 55, July 1951 - April, 1952, periodical, 1952; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101139/m1/85/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.