The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953 Page: 159
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olics as playing the major role of religious pioneering with Epis-
copalians, Disciples of Christ, and Lutherans bringing up a sub-
Among these groups the same general pattern prevailed. With
the coming of the colonists minor church activities began. Tran-
sient preachers were given a hearing and invited to return;
churches were organized and circuits laid out; revivals were held
and converts duly received and recorded. By the advent of inde-
pendence and the establishment of the Texas Republic organized
work was already under way, doors were flung open, and a wel-
come was ready for those indefatigable horsemen of the Lord
who fanned the religious flames on every border.
Likewise, in every instance, missionaries were sent in from the
United States. For the Methodists came Martin Ruter, Littleton
Fowler, and Robert Alexander; for the Baptists, the redoubtable
R. E. B. Baylor, Z. N. Morrell; and for the Primitive or Hard-
Shell branch of the Baptists, Daniel Parker and his Pilgrim
Church. While the Methodists were organizing their churches
into conferences and the Baptists were forming associations, the
Presbyterians had organized a presbytery under the leadership
of Sumner Bacon, William Y. Allen, and Daniel Baker. While
the Roman Catholic was the established church of Mexico and
her colonies, the author is convinced that at any given time dur-
ing this period there were more Protestant ministers in Texas
than Catholic. Nevertheless the Catholics had their missionaries
also, such as John Timon, John M. Odin, and others whose labors
matched their great spirits in service to their scattered flocks.
The closing chapter of the book deals rightly enough with the
development of religious education in the Republic. One of the
charges leveled at Mexico in the Declaration of Independence was
her failure to provide educational opportunities for her colonists.
Correspondingly the Constitution stipulated that the Congress
must provide a school system as soon as circumstances permitted.
Since the larger part of the preachers were also teachers, the
churches under their leadership gave vigorous support. Sunday
schools, usually union in nature, sprang up everywhere; every
conference, association, synod, and presbytery was promoting an
institution of higher learning for the training of its ministry
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953, periodical, 1953; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/m1/179/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.