The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953 Page: 161
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He was thoroughly English in his attitude toward constitutions,
regarding them as resulting from a long process of historical
continuity. In this matter he directly opposed one of Jefferson's
fundamental principles that "the earth belongs to the living"
and that all constitutions and laws should be subjected to change
every twenty years in order that government might be based on
the consent of the governed.
This idea of Randolph caused him to oppose the admission of
new western states as soon as they had 50,000 or 60,000 people.
He wanted them kept out until they developed a maturity and
demonstrated that they were worthy and capable of statehood.
Possibly a more valid reason for his attitude was the nationalism
of the West. He hated nationalism, and, of course, industrialism,
its cause. He was, and remained to his death, the true philosopher
of the plantation life. He knew he was waging a losing battle, but
he was willing to die for his convictions. It was his philosophy that
finally united the South and furnished the basis for the argu-
ments of Robert Y. Hayne against Daniel Webster and later for
Calhoun, William L. Yancey, Robert Toombs, and Jefferson
Davis. He was buried facing the setting sun so he could keep an
eye on Henry Clay and the West. He never voted for the admis-
sion of a state.
He was against equalitarianism. He had no use whatever for
Jefferson's doctrine of the natural rights of man. He regarded
this doctrine as a fiction of metaphysics and as completely con-
tradictory of reality. To him, liberty had no relation to equality.
He was opposed to slavery but also to sudden abolition. He felt
that time would solve the problem. He left a bequest for the
purchase of lands for his slaves. Lands were purchased in Ohio,
but this abolition state would not allow Randolph's free Negroes
to occupy it.
He was opposed to this great American passion, really a dis-
ease, for the passing of positive laws to deal with the minutiae
of life. He thought the greatest service that constitutional conven-
tions and legislative bodies could render would be to adjourn as
soon as they met. He thought the nation would be better off if
Congress did not meet for ten years. He was a lover of the antique.
He believed that authority was based on "power balanced by
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953, periodical, 1953; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/m1/181/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.