The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953 Page: 240
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Gazette in Mobile, Alabama.4 Until May, 1819, Cotten published
the Gazette in partnership with Isaac Miller. Daniel B. Sanderson
succeeded Miller, and on June 23, 1819, Cotten announced that
he had sold his interest in the Mobile Gazette to Sanderson.5
For a decade there is no record of Cotten's activities. On
August io, 1829, he arrived at Austin's Colony, stating that he
had just come from Louisiana, with intentions of starting a
newspaper.'6 The publication of his paper became known in the
United States, for the Niles' Register of November 28, 1829,
made mention of it along with a newspaper in Nacogdoches.'
Cotten had, in fact, already begun publication when the article
appeared in Niles' Register, for the date on the first issue of the
Texas Gazette is September 25, 1829.
The historical significance of the Gazette may have come about
quite by accident. Late in December, 1829, the ayuntamiento of
San Felipe de Austin met in special session "to make regulations
and verify the sales, on the 15th of this month, of certain building
lots ...." Cotten had bought two lots: "the first at $25 and the
other at $20, which makes the sum of $45."8 This seemingly
minor purchase had important historical consequences. Cotten,
finding that he was unable to pay cash for the lots, went to the
ayuntamiento with a proposition. On Monday, February 1, 1830,
Cotten offered to publish "all orders, decrees, advertisements,
etc. etc. of the ayuntamiento at any time when required, for
the term of one year from the first day of January 1830" in full
payment for the lots that he had contracted to purchase. The
ayuntamiento accepted this proposition. Thus, because Cotten
bought two lots and then found he could not pay for them, the
Texas Gazette became a semi-official publishing organ of the
4See a letter from Douglas C. McMurtrie to Mrs. Mattie Austin Hatcher, archivist
of the University of Texas, dated May 25, 1931, bound with a photostatic copy of
the Texas Gazette (MS. in Newspaper Collection, University of Texas Library).
"McMurtrie, "Pioneer Printing in Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly,
7The note in Niles' Register read: "Texas-Mr. G. B. Cotton [sic] is about to
commence a newspaper at St. Felipe de Austin, in Texas. A newspaper has been
recently commenced at Nacogdoches."-Niles' Register (Baltimore), November 28,
8E. C. Barker (ed.), "Minutes of the Ayuntamiento of San Felipe de Austin,"
Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XXI, 418.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953, periodical, 1953; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/m1/286/: accessed February 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.