The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953 Page: 253
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The Texas Gazette, 1829-183r
The pages of the Gazette offer an insight into the lives of the
colonists as they lived from day to day. In the advertisements
of the little paper the growth of San Felipe de Austin can be
traced. There were a variety of small business establishments in
the town, for there are advertisements by tailors, dry goods
stores, clock and watchmakers, silversmiths, florists, and boarding
houses, just to name a few. There was John Cummings who
ground Indian corn on Tuesday and Saturday; there were several
surveyors; and there was one-Victor Pepin-who put on a great
fireworks display for the entertainment of the town. There were
professional men, too-numerous lawyers, teachers, and so man)
doctors that the ayuntamiento created a board of physicians to
examine and certify applicants in "physic and surgery." The
board was composed of three "practising physicians, assisted by
the Alcalde, one Regidor, and the Syndico Procurador."50 Real
estate was apparently a big business, for in every issue there are
mentions of land for sale or some plantation to lease. There are
notices of sales of slaves throughout the Texas Gazette, even
though the colonists had so much trouble over that institution.
One sale, as late as May 22, 1830, listed eighteen negroes for
sale ranging from three to sixty years of age.51
On May 22, 1830, persons living in the colony were informed
by the Gazette that arrangements had been made with the Mex-
ican consul in New Orleans to forward all letters arriving post-
paid at the post office in New Orleans to the newly established
post office in San Felipe de Austin. Samuel May Williams was
to be the postmaster in San Felipe de Austin. A few weeks later
a post office was established at Brazoria, with George B. Mc-
Kinstry as postmaster, and there was a notice that soon another
post office would be established at Harrisburg.52
In the last issue of volume one, Cotten stated that he had
sold the paper to his former editor, Robert McAlpin William-
son. Williamson used the newly acquired press to publish the
Mexican Citizen, and it was not until sometime in December,
1831, that the second volume of the Texas Gazette was begun."':
5oTexas Gazette, I, No. 35, August 21, 1830o.
5llbid., No. 24, May 22, 1830.
521bid., No. 26, June 5, 1830.
58Barker (ed.), "Notes on Early Texas Newspapers," Southwestern Ilistorical
Quarterly, XXI, 131.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953, periodical, 1953; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/m1/299/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.