The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953 Page: 334
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
come to share in the lucrative trade already built up between
Santa Fe and St. Louis. After untold suffering the survivors were
captured by the Mexicans and imprisoned in Mexico City.
Several members of the expedition kept day by day journals or
later, while languishing in prison, wrote accounts of their expe-
riences. In the book The Texan Santa Fe Trail Dr. H. Bailey
Carroll has attempted to relate or harmonize the accounts of the
various recording participants, to mark the limits of the trail
insofar as written accounts permit, and to examine critically all
written materials pertaining to the trail. To use the words of the
author the book is "largely a study of topography that leads from
Austin, Texas, into the eastern section of New Mexico, across a
region known, in 1841, only to the nomadic Indians of the west-
In attempting to fix the limits of the Santa Fe Trail, the author
traveled over the areas about which there have been contro-
versies. In addition to a personal survey he examined and
offers here in evidence an impressive array of both old and new
material about the trail. George Wilkins Kendall's classic and
well-known account, Narrative of the Texan Santa Fe Expedition;
Thomas Falconer's Letters and Notes of the Texan Santa Fe Ex-
pedition, 1841-1842; George W. Grover's Diary written while in
prison in Mexico; Theodore Sevey's records of the military orders
written up along the trail; Peter Gallagher's original Diary com-
posed of entries made from day-to-day along the trail; and Stephen
Hoyle's Manuscript, a rewritten version of Gallagher's Diary,
are examined critically and quoted liberally. The principal
source on which the author relied, however, was the Gallagher
Diary which incidentally is unique in that it is the only original
diary of the expedition known to be in existence.
The author proceeds scientifically and meticulously to examine
the entries in diaries, journals, and written accounts and to
compare them with the topography of the trail beginning with
entries concerning the completion of the organization on Brushy
Creek in Williamson County on June 18, 1841, and closing with
the capture of the remnants of the expedition at Laguna Colorada
in Guadalupe County, New Mexico. It is remarkable how many
of the hundreds of campsites, mountains, river crossings, creeks,
bayous, wooded areas, elevations, prairies, tablelands, river bends,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953, periodical, 1953; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/m1/380/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.