The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953 Page: 338
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
language and is more valuable than any biography of the liberator
yet produced in the Spanish language. Robertson has successfully
maintained an objective and unbiased approach in this study. He
has attempted to analyze rather than to deify or to vilify Iturbide.
In order to interpret the character and actions of Iturbide,
Robertson has made an exhaustive study of the times, events,
personalities and circumstances which influenced him. The book
could accurately be entitled "The Mexico of Iturbide." New
interpretations are placed upon such matters as: Iturbide's mili-
tary career as a royalist commander during the early phases of
the Mexican independence movement, 1812-1816; the plan of
Iguala, which united the divided factions into a national aware-
ness; the "treaty" of Cordoba, which ended the miltary struggle
between Mexicans and the Spanish expeditionary forces; Itur-
bide's exile in Europe; and his execution following his return to
Mexico in 1824. Especially significant is Robertson's analysis of
the first Mexican empire, 1821-1823. It is the finest study yet
produced in either English or Spanish of the first effort to estab-
lish a constitutional monarchial system of government on the
North American continent and why it was unsuccessful.
The style of this work is similar, in many respects, to that
employed by Herbert Eugene Bolton and the late Charles Wilson
Hackett. Whenever possible, Robertson has included direct
quotations from original sources within his sentence structure.
Over nine-hundred footnote references laboriously document
almost every statement and inference. This type of scholarship,
though academically sound and extremely valuable to students
of Hispanic-American history, makes reading rather tedious for
the average reader and detracts somewhat from the narrative.
In almost all instances, Robertson has ignored secondary
material and has based his interpretation of Iturbide on authori-
tative source material. Iturbide's memoirs and personal papers;
contemporary newspaper accounts; documentary material from
the archives of the governments of the United States, Great
Britain, France, Austria, Colombia, Spain, and Mexico; diaries
and writings of the contemporaries of Iturbide; and university and
private collections of unpublished material provide the basis for
this book. Robertson has weighed each source carefully in order
to determine the factors of external influences and personal
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953, periodical, 1953; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/m1/384/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.