The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953 Page: 23
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Freedmen's Bureau in Texas
a bureau of his own with a private secretary. Each freed child,
according to this plan, should have "whatever it cries for," and
white people should be freed if their conduct was satisfactory to
the negro. In order to vote, the white male must take an oath
that "he would be a nigger if he could."57
One of the most fearless editors in Texas was D. L. McGary
of the Brenham Banner. He published some derogatory remarks
about the intelligence of one of the teachers of freedmen near
Brenham who insisted on misspelling Texas (Texes). McGary
said that in view of the situation obtaining since the military
took control it should be spelled "Taxes." For this he was
arrested by bureau officials and, on his refusal to pay a fine of
$Soo, was confined to jail. Upon his release he published the
following in his paper:
In the courts of Hell, it is said, first they judge, then they hear, and
then compel the accused to confess. The Bureau has improved upon
the Devil's System of Jurisprudence. It first judges, then punishes, and
doesn't trouble itself at all with either hearings or confessions.58
Immediately upon the appearance of this diatribe he was re-
arrested. He was again released, and, in order to strike the last
blow, he said in the columns of his paper:
The Bureau's jurisdiction is confined to refugees, freedmen, and
abandoned lands. Under which one of these headings, we wonder, do
we come? We are not a refugee-we are not a freedman; perhaps we
may be abandoned lands.
The Houston Evening Star, an extremely bitter sheet, fired a
broadside into Gregory and the Freedmen's Bureau in its issue
of May 1, 1866. On the occasion of Philip H. Sheridan's second
visit to Texas the Star related the story of how Sheridan, after
his warm reception on his first visit to the state, had said that if
he owned Texas and Hell, he would rent out Texas and move to
Hell. In this connection the Star observed that the presence of
General Gregory in the state would be sufficient, in its opinion,
to warrant General Sheridan's remark.59
57Harrison Flag, July 5, 1866.
58Ibid., August 3o, 1866, quoting the Brenham Banner of August 15, 1866.
s9Evening Star (Houston), May 1, 1866. In a later issue the Star gave rules for
governing freedmen's schools as follows: "No swearin, fitin, quarelin, nicknamin,
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953, periodical, 1953; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/m1/41/: accessed April 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.