The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953 Page: 24
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Perhaps no citation could be given which would more ac-
curately reflect the temper of the Texas press and its complete
disregard and utter contempt for the Freedmen's Bureau than
the following brief statement from the columns of the Evening
Flake's Bulletin (Galveston) reports that one of the agents of the
Freedmen's Bureau was unmercifully beaten and robbed of $4,000.
What a pity!6o
As previously noted the only important function of the bu-
reau in Texas after January 1, 1869, was that of providing an
educational program. By order of General Howard, on June 30,
1870, this function was discontinued and the bureau ceased to
During the approximate five years of the bureau's existence
in Texas it achieved little success except possibly in its educa-
tional work. In the face of bitter and sometimes unreasonable
opposition it set up and operated a system of negro schools which
must have had a salutary effect. No one except the most naive
could claim that people of the state had been brought to accept
negro education, but it must be said that progress had been
made in that direction. In some vicinities men dared talk of the
establishment of negro schools to be supported in the same man-
ner as the white schools. In one instance at least, at San Antonio,
the bureau officials reported that plans were completed to turn
the negro schools over to the city to be supported by it.
It may be doubted that this tremendously progressive step
could have been taken so soon except for the work of the bureau.
That the bureau had helped to sell the idea of negro education
is also well attested by the fact that the tone of the press became
much less bitter in the last days of the sixties and even sang the
praises of the general idea, though ever so faintly. That the
southerners were coming to accept the idea is further indicated
by the increased percentage of the whites among the teachers
of freedmen and the decrease in the number of violent acts com-
mitted against them.
restlin, jumpin, pinchin, stickin pins into each other, pullin hare, courtin durin
boox, or crackin walnuts. These rools must be observed or violator will be pun-
ished accordin to verdick of the trustease." See Evening Star, May io, 1866.
oolbid., April 30o, 1866.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953, periodical, 1953; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/m1/42/: accessed April 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.