The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953 Page: 27
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The Surveyors Fight
that they were mostly Kickapoos, but that the group embraced
some of several tribes.' On the first day after their arrival at the
location, the surveyors ran several lines, partly in the timber and
partly in the prairie.
When work was begun on the second day, one of the com-
passes was found to be defective. Henderson sent William Jack-
son and William M. Love back to Parker's Fort to secure a
magnet to correct the needle. These two men thus missed the
fight. While the work was going on in the morning, squads of
Indians were seen moving to and fro in every direction; others
were in apparent consultation. These movements should have
warned the party, but they did not.
About eleven o'clock the surveyors breakfasted on a spring
branch. About fifty Kickapoo Indians camped opposite them for
the same purpose. Some of the Indians, among them several who
could speak a little English, crossed the branch and told the
surveyors that the Ionies were coming to kill them and that
about seventeen would attack that day. Thanking the Indians
for the warning, the surveyors said that they were not afraid of
the Ionies and would wipe them out if they attacked. The sur-
veyors pointed out that they had guns while the Ionies were
equipped only with bows and arrows. The Kickapoos begged the
surveyors to leave, saying that if the Ionies should kill the
white men, their tribe would be blamed. The surveyors then
asked the Kickapoos to help them whip the Ionies, but the In-
dians replied that they could not, for they had a treaty with the
The surveyors resumed work after breakfast and ran a line
a mile into the prairie. While making a corner, twelve Indians
passed, and one asked in English, "Is that a mile?" Another,
pointing to the compass, said, "Is that God's eye?" All looked
displeased." One of the Indians succeeded in begging a piece of
tobacco from Lane. At this time the surveyors were running
another line which paralleled a ravine about eighty yards dis-
7Love, Navarro County, 38; Lane, Adventures, 25; Brown, Indian Wars, 48; De
Shields, Border Wars, 248.
8lbid.; Love, Navarro County, 39; Lane, Adventures, 26; Brown, Indian Wars, 48.
9Love, Navarro County, 39.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953, periodical, 1953; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/m1/45/: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.