The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953 Page: 456
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
of Perry and the battle of the Thames. Almost overnight,
Croghan became a national hero. Admirers showered him with
gifts, he was breveted to the rank of lieutenant colonel, and
Congress later awarded him a gold medal.
In March, 1817, Croghan resigned from the army. The previous
year he had married Serena Livingston, a daughter of John R.
Livingston of that famous New York family. His military career,
however, was not over. He served for a time as postmaster of
New Orleans, but in December, 1825, he was appointed inspector
general of the United States Army. Croghan occupied this po-
sition until cholera cut short his career in New Orleans on
January 8, 1849. Fort Croghan, on Hamilton Creek near Burnet,
Texas, was established in March, 1849, and named in his honor.
The fort was short-lived, however, and was abandoned in De-
The following letter on the Indian situation in Texas was
written to Colonel Croghan by Captain James H. Ralston, the
assistant quartermaster of volunteers at San Antonio, Texas.
Quarter Master's Office
San Antonio, March 6th 1847
Since you called my attention to the resolution of the Texas Legisla-
ture, approved 29th April 1846, I have hastily examined the subject
to which it refers. The resolution, among other things asserts that the
Indians Tribes residing within the limits of Texas, have no title what-
ever to any portion of the soil, and that the United States Govern-
ment cannot make a treaty of limits with said Indian Tribes, without
the consent of the Government of Texas.
In the consideration of the first branch of this resolution, it is not
necessary, at this day, to enquire how far the laws of Nations recognize
the rights of the Aborigines to the eminent domain; It is sufficient
that the Republic of Texas, by many solemn acts, has recognized
those rights; she formed various treaties of boundary with them, 8e by
her Legislature, authorized others to be formed; particularly by an
act approved 14th Jan. 1843; the Commissioners to treat with Indians,
are directed to have a clause inserted, reserving to the Republic the
right of working mines in the Indian Country. Again it is provided
that the Indians shall not come below the line of their Territory,
without special permission from their Agent; in short the history of
the Republic of Texas, abounds in solemn acknowledgements of the
right to the soil of various tribes of Indians.
The State of Texas succeeds to all the rights, (except such as are
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953, periodical, 1953; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/m1/528/: accessed May 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.