The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953 Page: 457
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Notes and Documents
conceded to the United States) and is bound by all the acts of the
late Republic, and in coming into the United States, Texas binds
herself to be governed by the Federal Constitution, which vests in the
National Executive the power of making treaties, treaties of boundary
have been made by him with Indian Nations in various States, and
no state has heretofore attempted to interfere with the execution of
any treaty he has attempted to make. The Indian Tribes residing
within our boundary have heretofore been regarded as dependent
nations, with whom we may treat, entitled to our protection; they
are entitled to protection alike against the encroachment of individ-
uals, or the usurpation of States.
Since I have been on these frontiers, I have been forcibly impressed
with the conviction, that most, if not all, the aggressions, complained
of against the Indians may be traced immediately to the improper
encroachments by white men on Indian rights; the cupidity of white
men leads them into the Indian Country to survey wild lands, the
Indians to prevent such encroachments on their hunting ground,
murder the surveyors and others found in their territory; thus a con-
tinual excitement is kept up on the frontiers, and peace and safety
cannot be had till a treaty boundary has been established, beyond
which the surveyor shall not be permitted to plant his jacob staff.
Such a boundary being established, a very few small frontier Posts,
would give security and peace to the whole frontier of Texas.
I cannot believe that Texas will persist in the maintainance of
positions so preposterous as those contained in the resolution re-
ferred to; but if she do persist in error the United States would be
inexcusable for permitting the Indian Tribes to be exterminated or
driven out of the state, for the benefit of a few Surveyors and land
I had not heard the resolution spoken of or seen it until today,
and do not believe its merits have ever been discussed by the people
of Texas, or that it will be sustained by them. I have extended my
remarks further than I had intended, but I have not leisure to
I have the honor to be, Sir
Your Obedient Sert.
(Signed) I. H. Ralston Capt
To Col. G. Croghan
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 56, July 1952 - April, 1953, periodical, 1953; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101145/m1/529/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.