The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954 Page: 149
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For general readers this volume will serve as an introduction
to an intriguing subject; and for those interested in the full
history of man in the Greater Southwest, it will be especially
rewarding, because a large part of the text is concerned with
important archaeological discoveries of early hunting and food-
gathering peoples in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, and
Although Early Man in America is a general summary volume,
it nevertheless contains much that is new. Dr. Sellards proposes
a new and rather useful term-"the Llano complex" (after Llano
Estacado or Staked Plains) -for the various artifacts made and
used by the early mammoth hunters represented at such sites
as Miami and McLean (both in Texas), Blackwater No. 1 (New
Mexico), Dent (Colorado), Naco (Arizona), and Angus (Ne-
braska). The complex is not nearly so rich in classes of artifacts
as the better known Folsom complex, but there is definite need
for this new name. Dr. Sellards' use of such terms as "Llano man,"
"Folsom man," and "Plainview man," however, is inadvisable at
present, for no skeletal remains of these aboriginal Americans
have yet been identified. If it should turn out that these men
had essentially the same physical characteristics, confusion would
In this book is included the first report on recent excavations
by the 'Texas Memorial Museum at the Blackwater No. i locality
in Roosevelt County in eastern New Mexico. Here, at one of
the most important early man sites in North America, excavation
has revealed in clear stratigraphic sequence the Llano complex,
the Folsom complex, and the Portales complex, the last being a
new term for an assemblage of artifacts, principally spear points,
for which the vague term "Yuma" has long been used. This
temporal sequence brings much order into a previously chaotic
Also included is a preliminary report on the Lubbock Reser-
voir site, which has recently yielded the first radiocarbon date
(approximately 8,ooo B. C.) for the Folsom complex. Likewise
new are illustrations of the Clovis spear points recently found
in association with a mammoth skeleton near Naco, Arizona; illus-
trations of the Folsom points from Kincaid Shelter, Uvalde Coun-
ty, Texas; a sketch of a crude flint scraping tool found beneath
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954, periodical, 1954; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101152/m1/171/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.