The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954 Page: 247

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Book Reviews

review. He would have preferred some method of controlling
such review and, like many of the state conventions, would have
preferred for four states to withhold approval as a means of
obtaining adoption of a bill of rights. He never wavered in his
confidence in the people to govern themselves, if the government
could be restrained from unwarranted interference. As he clearly
explained in the first inaugural address, he would confine the
federal government to the management of foreign affairs and
would restrict the states' affairs to domestic affairs; both state and
federal features of the Constitution he considered indispensable.
All his life he opposed expansion of the Constitution by construc-
tion and thought the amending process the only proper means of
correcting errors and of enabling the Constitution to keep pace
with social developments in science and experience. Naturally,
Jefferson stood firmly against a strong executive and a powerful
bureaucracy. Additional chapters explain Jefferson's attitude to-
ward the general welfare provision of the Constitution, toward the
creation of territorial government, and toward public education
and freedom of speech, press, and mind.
The book embodies the conclusions formed by a long period
of study and is a useful contribution to an understanding of
Jefferson's teachings on the federal and state constitutions. Accept-
ance by readers will vary with their approval of Democratic party
teachings prior to 1932. Judgment of the writer's objectivity will
probably vary by the same standard and in the same degree. The
book is equipped with a satisfactory bibliography and index and
is tastefully produced.
EUGENE C. BARKER
The University of Texas
Mary Lincoln, Biography of a Marriage. By Ruth Painter Randall.
Boston (Little, Brown and Company), 1953. Pp. xi+-555.
$5.75.
When an intent and intelligent woman sets out to right a wrong,
and especially when that wrong has been perpetrated against a
member of her own sex by a spiteful man, there is going to result
either a complete vindication and revision of opinion or else one
of the most chaotic quarrels of recent memory. In this instance
the intelligent woman is Ruth Painter Randall, wife of the

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954, periodical, 1954; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101152/m1/297/ocr/: accessed December 2, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.