The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954 Page: 311
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Border Raids in the Lower Rio Grande Valley-z95 311
State Robert Lansing found it necessary to seek aid from Gov-
ernor Ferguson for, he said,
... a solicitous word from you to state and county officials in that
district would prove most efficacious in allaying race prejudice and
in restraining indiscreet conduct. ...173
In spite of this plea, fulminations and hostile actions from the
American side continued long after the final raid at Ojo de Agua
on October 21.
In fine, then, the raids cannot be ascribed to any single factor,
nor is any single factor dominant. International politics, irri-
dentism, prejudice, discrimination, nationalism, cupidity, selfish-
ness, and local politics all"7 contributed to the inception and the
continuation of the destructive raids, but it was the combination
rather than the isolated factors which was responsible. Each was
a cause in itself, but each also stimulated other causes to manifest
themselves in overt action. This curious and unfortunate com-
bination spawned a rancorous interlude which brought death to
hundreds of people, property destruction amounting to millions
and economic loss amounting to other millions, and tremendous
military expenditures; it also set a precedent for the raiders of
1916 and 1917, particularly Villa, to follow.
173Secretary of State to Governor of Texas, October 3o, 1915, in Papers Relating
to the Foreign Relations of the United States, 1915, p. 817.
174There was a suggestion of pro-German motivation in some of the raids. At
least two instances were reported when raiders questioned Anglo-Americans con-
cerning their parentage and then took care not to molest in any way those who said
they were German.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954, periodical, 1954; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101152/m1/390/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.