The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954 Page: 313
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Relations of Republics of Texas and of Rio Grande 313
the federalists on the northern border, Canales asked that Lamar
arrest any persons from the villages of the Rio Grande who at-
tempted to merchandise goods in Texas withhout passports signed
by Canales or some authorized agent.'
The Congress of Texas learned of Canales' letter. In a resolu-
tion of January 16, 1839, the House of Representatives requested
to see the letter together with Lamar's comments on it, as well as
Lamar's opinion regarding the desirability of opening communi-
cations with the Rio Grande insurgents.2 Lamar complied with
the request, commenting:
In the present state of our National relations with Mexico, the Ex-
ecutive can perceive no [benefit] in communicating with the writer
of this letter, or with [any other] official personage of that Republic,
who may be in open revolution [against the gov] ernment, provided
in the opinion of Congress any benefit would be likely to result from
So far as opening trade was concerned, Lamar would comply
with the wishes of the House of Representatives; but he feared
that such trade with an unconstituted authority would soon de-
generate into plunder, robbery, and murder.4 Apparently the
House was of a different mind, for on January 24, 1839, a bill
authorizing trade with the villages on the Rio Grande was passed.5
This event, as well as the natural sympathy on the part of
Texans for the federalists, caused considerable comment in the
newspapers, even in foreign lands. As far away as Paris, France,
J. Pinckney Henderson, agent of Texas to France, felt compelled
to inform Lamar that in the best interests of Texas' international
relations, Texas should not enter into any compact or agreement
with the federalists. Henderson referred to reports in the Paris
newspapers that the federalists had proposed a treaty with Texas
with the understanding that in return for assistance from Texas,
they would recognize the independence of Texas. He wrote:
xAntonio Canales to Mirabeau B. Lamar, December 17, 1838, in Charles Adams
Gulick, Jr., and others (eds.), The Papers of Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar (6 vols.;
Austin, 1921-1928), V, 223-224.
2Ibid., II, 418-419.
sMessage to the House of Representatives, c. January 16, 1839, in ibid., V, 389-390.
lJournal of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas, Regular Ses-
sion of the Third Congress (Houston, 1839), 407-408.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954, periodical, 1954; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101152/m1/392/: accessed March 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.