The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954 Page: 424
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
known; the San Antonio Zeitung refers to the paper on February
3, 1855, and Daniel Kenny lists this paper in 1861.1
At least eight other German newspapers joined the Galveston
Zeitung before the beginning of the Civil War. The Neu-Braun-
felser Zeitung, edited by Ferdinand Jakob Lindheimer, inaugu-
rated its long and eventful history on November 12, 1852, and
on July 5 of the following year, the San Antonio Zeitung began
publication under the editorship of Adolf Douai, an ardent op-
ponent of slavery. In 1854 these more commercial publications
were joined by a religious periodical, Der Pilger im Sueden der
Union, which was published by the Evangelical Lutheran Synod.2
Two newspapers were established in 1856; edited by Gustav
Schleicher, the San Antonio Texas Staats-Zeitung appeared in
early April, and the Union of Galveston began in December, with
F. Flake as editor. The publication of the Dreimalw6chentliche
Union in 1857, the Wochenblatt der Union, which first appeared
in Galveston in October, 1858, and the Texas Volksfreund, later
the Texas Demokrat, in November of 186o at Victoria, concluded
the initial period in the establishment of German language news-
papers in Texas.
The outbreak of the Civil War interrupted the expanding field
of German language journalism in Texas. Only four of the pre-
war establishments survived the war period, and two of these, the
Dreimalw6chentliche Union and the Union of Galveston, were
forced to suspend publication before the end of hostilities. The
Neu-Braunfelser Zeitung and the Texas Demokrat continued pub-
lication throughout the Civil War. In May, 1863, the Texas Dem-
okrat moved to Houston. During the Civil War period the paper
appeared on various colored papers, and the issues from Decem-
ber 11, 1863, to April 15, 1864, were printed on the reverse side
Following the Civil War the number of German immigrants
to Texas once more began slowly to increase, accompanied by
a growing demand for German language newspapers. Before 1870
five new journals had joined those that had survived the war. On
'Daniel J. Kenny, The American Newspaper Direclory and Record of the Press,
1861 (New York, 1861), 69.
2Rudolph L. Biesele, History of the German Settlements in Texas, 1831-1861
(Austin, 193o), 225-226.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954, periodical, 1954; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101152/m1/527/: accessed July 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.