The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954 Page: 64
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
per cent of Tarrant immigrated between July, 1848, and the
date of enumeration ( presumably May) in 1850.
Most of Grayson and Dallas counties were in the colony; about
59 per cent of Grayson and 78 per cent of Dallas were in 1850
members of the colony. About half of Collin and Ellis counties
were in the colony; roughly 66 per cent of Collin and 57 per cent
of Ellis were in 1850 members of the colony.
Thus was a part of the American frontier occupied; and the
people who settled there were native Americans from the border
and midwest states. They came, inspired to seek economic better-
ment by the inducements of an empresario company. Some of
them stayed; some of them moved away, but their places were
filled by others. The movement into this area was not a constant
flow of population but was in two waves, one receding almost
completely before the other rolled in. The characteristics of the
people in the first wave, however, were no different than those in
the second. Nor was there a well defined pattern of hunter, trap-
per, trader, missionary, and so on. This was a farming frontier.
Scarcely half-dozen persons listed their occupations as hunters,
traders, or the like, and the preachers, of whom there were a
goodly number, confined their missionary efforts to the colonists.
Not having to pay for their land, the colonists were able to sup-
port, in addition to preachers, teachers, lawyers, and doctors, a
comparatively large artisan and commercial class virtually from
the beginning of settlement. But essentially it was a farming
frontier and the first large settlement on the prairies of Texas.
The colonists lived in moderately large families, owned few
slaves, and as a group did not suffer from overeducation. They
were articulate democrats and lost little time in establishing a
functioning local government and becoming politically potent in
state affairs. While they had much in common with their neigh-
bors to the south and east in Texas, something it seems set them
apart. Culturally they were evidently a homogeneous intrusion
into a slightly different environmental complex, but the Peters
Colony settlers soon became a vigorous and important part of
the state of Texas.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 57, July 1953 - April, 1954, periodical, 1954; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101152/m1/82/: accessed May 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.