The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955 Page: 191
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with imperial mercantilism and developing the seed corn of re-
publicanism. Half of the signers of the Declaration of Independ-
ence were Anglicans despite the fact that George III was the head
of their church. It has been said that one church meant tyranny,
two churches civil war, and a multiplicity of churches freedom.
By 1765 colonial religions had become Americanized and had
incorporated the ideals of American life.
One of the most illuminating features of the book is the selec-
tion by most discriminating process of the six greatest leaders of
the colonial period and a discussion of their contributions to
colonial life and its institutions. These are: (1) Thomas Hooker
-the founder of Connecticut, (2) Roger Williams-the founder
of Rhode Island, (3) John Wise-a great preacher, democrat, and
defender of congregationalism, (4) Jonathan Mayhew-a reli-
gious and political thinker and advocate of power as a trust and
the right of resistance, (5) Richard Bland-the aristocratic Whig
and first expositor of the commonwealth theory of the British
Empire, and (6) Benjamin Franklin-the Nestor and Socrates
of the eighteenth century and grandfather of the Constitution.
It was these men who established the American way. After their
work the American revolution was inevitable. In fact, it was a
fait accompli before separation. As a matter of fact the separation
was no part of the revolution.
The rest of the book is devoted to theory-the development
of the doctrine of higher law, natural law, natural rights, the
contract theory of the state, the principle of a limited govern-
ment, the written constitution, and federalism as a guarantee of
local self-government. After discussing the chain of political
events (1765-1776) -the blunders of the English government-
there follow chapters on American political writing (1765-1776),
American Political Thought (1765-1776) -the Rights of Man,
and American Political Thought (1765-1776) -the Pattern of
In this field of theory dealing with the doctrine of natural law
and all of its implications is found the most completely docu-
mented discussion of the basis of political authority and liberty
that can be found in American literature. It shows that there
existed everywhere a common knowledge of the rights of man,
of the origin of political authority, and of a limited government
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955, periodical, 1955; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101158/m1/212/: accessed November 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.